Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Nutritional Assessment of Kinnow Mandarin Fruit (Citrus reticulata Blanco), Infected by Few Sucking Insect-Pests of Citrus



Muhammad Zubair, Rashad Mukhtar Balal, Muhammad Anjum Aqueel, Muhammad Adnan Shahid, Gulzar Akhtar, Ahsan Akram, Muhammad Wajid Khan and Muhammad Awais Sadiq
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Present study was planned to investigate the detrimental effects of sucking insect-pests of citrus i.e., aphid, citrus psylla, white fly and thrips on various fruit related attributes and selected nutritional profile in Kinnow mandarin (Citrus reticulate Blanco). A marked enhancement from 15 to 416 in sucking insect-pest population was observed throughout the entire duration of study. A significant decline in fruit weight, total soluble solids, juice percentage and acidity while an augmentation in pulp weight and juice pH was recorded in response to elevation in infestation by target sucking insect-pests. However, quality characteristics like pulp/peel ratio, and peel weight had non-significant effect of insect-pest attack. A strong correlation was also established between infestation strengthen (insect-pest population) and fruit weight, total soluble solids and juice percentage.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Muhammad Zubair, Rashad Mukhtar Balal, Muhammad Anjum Aqueel, Muhammad Adnan Shahid, Gulzar Akhtar, Ahsan Akram, Muhammad Wajid Khan and Muhammad Awais Sadiq, 2015. Nutritional Assessment of Kinnow Mandarin Fruit (Citrus reticulata Blanco), Infected by Few Sucking Insect-Pests of Citrus. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 14: 487-491.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2015.487.491

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2015.487.491

REFERENCES
1:  Abbott, J.A., 1999. Quality measurement of fruits and vegetables. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 15: 207-225.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Agocs, A., V. Nagy, Z. Szabo, L. Mark, R. Ohmacht and J. Deli, 2007. Comparative study on the carotenoid composition of the peel and the pulp of different citrus species. Innov. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol., 8: 390-394.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  Al-Farsi, M., C. Alasalvar, A. Morris, M. Baron and F. Shahidi, 2005. Compositional and sensory characteristics of three native sun-dried date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) varieties grown in Oman. J. Agric. Food Chem., 53: 7586-7591.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Bardner, R. and K.E. Fletcher, 1974. Insect infestations and their effects on the growth and yield of field crops: A review. Bull. Entomol. Res., 64: 141-160.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Byrne, D.N. and T.S. Jr. Bellows, 1991. Whitefly biology. Ann. Rev. Entomol., 36: 431-457.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Cairns, A.M., M. Watson, S.L. Creanor and R.H. Foye, 2002. The pH and titratable acidity of a range of diluting drinks and their potential effect on dental erosion. J. Dentistry, 30: 313-317.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  D'Aquino, S., A. Piga and M.C.S. Agabbio, 1999. Condition of film wrapped Fairchild fruits held in shelf-life conditions. Proceedings of the 11th IAPRI World Conference on Packaging: Challenges on Packaging in 21st Century, July 7-9, 1999, Singapore -.

8:  De Berardinis, E., P. Baronio and J. Baumgartner, 1994. The effect of aphid (Dysaphis plantaginea pass., Hom., Aphididae) feeding on apple fruit growth. Ecol. Modell., 72: 115-127.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Hendrix, C.M. and J.B. Redd, 1995. Chemistry and Technology of Citrus Juices and by-Products. In: Production and Packaging of Non-Carbonated Fruit Juices and Fruit Beverages, Ashurst, P.R. (Ed.). Springer, New York, USA., ISBN-13: 9781461509493, pp: 53-87.

10:  Kinaci, E. and G. Kinaci, 2004. Quality and yield losses due to sunn pest (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae) in different wheat types in Turkey. Field Crops Res., 89: 187-195.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Koch, K.E., 1996. Carbohydrate-modulated gene expression in plants. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol., 47: 509-540.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Ladaniya, M., 2008. Citrus Fruit: Biology, Technology and Evaluation. 1st Edn., Academic Press, New York, USA., ISBN-13: 9780080556239, Pages: 576.

13:  Liu, X., P.W. Robinson, M.A. Madore, G.W. Witney and M.L. Arpaia, 1999. Hass' avocado carbohydrate fluctuations. II. Fruit growth and ripening. J. Am. Soc. Horticult. Sci., 124: 676-681.
Direct Link  |  

14:  Mahadeva, A., 2011. Influence of thrips (Pseudodendrothrips mori) infestation on the biochemical constituents and photosynthetic pigments of mulberry (Morus spp.) leaves. Int. J. Plant Anim. Environ. Sci., 1: 57-63.
Direct Link  |  

15:  Mahadeva, A. and V. Nagaveni, 2012. Evaluation of nutritional quality in spiralling whitefly (Aleurodicus dispersus Russell) infested mulberry (Morus sp.) foliage. Int. J. Environ. Sci., 3: 1065-1071.
Direct Link  |  

16:  Malik, M.N. and E. Bashir, 1994. Horticulture. National Book Foundation, New York, USA., Pages: 633.

17:  Mraicha, F., M. Ksantini, O. Zouch, M. Ayadi, S. Sayadi and M. Bouaziz, 2010. Effect of olive fruit fly infestation on the quality of olive oil from Chemlali cultivar during ripening. Food Chem. Toxicol., 48: 3235-3241.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

18:  Chaudhry, N.A., M.N. Maken and M.S. Ahmad, 2004. Native home, historical background and importance of citrus fruits in Pakistan. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Citriculture, April 28-30, 2004, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, pp: 48-56.

19:  Pozo, L., A. Malladi, K.J. John-Karuppiah, Y. Lluch, F. Alferez and J.K. Burns, 2007. Daily fluctuation in fruit detachment force of Valencia orange is related to time of day, temperature, relative humidity, fruit weight and juice percentage. Proc. Florida State Hortic. Soc., 120: 41-44.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Rangana, S., 1986. Handbook of Analysis and Quality Control for Fruit and Vegetable Products. 2nd Edn., Tata McGraw Hill Publication, New Delhi, India, ISBN-13: 9780074518519, Pages: 1112.

21:  Rosati, A., M. Zipancic, S. Caporali and G. Padula, 2009. Fruit weight is related to ovary weight in olive (Olea europaea L.). Scientia Horticulturae, 122: 399-403.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Saleem, B.A., A.U. Malik and M. Farooq, 2007. Effect of exogenous growth regulators application on June fruit drop and fruit quality in Citrus sinensis cv. Blood red. Pak. J. Agric. Sci., 44: 289-294.
Direct Link  |  

23:  Shah, M.A., 2004. Citrus cultivation in N.W.F.P. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Citriculture, April 28-30, 2004, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, pp: 36-39.

24:  Shokrollah, H., T.L. Abdullah, K. Sijam and S.N.A. Abdullah, 2011. Identification of physical and biochemical characteristic of mandarin (Citrus reticulata) fruit infected by huanglongbing (HLB). Aust. J. Crop Sci., 5: 181-186.
Direct Link  |  

25:  Whitney, E.N. and S.R. Rolfes, 1999. Understanding Nutrition. 8th Edn., Wadsworth Publishing, Belmont, CA., USA.

26:  Yadav, P.K., 2007. Fruit Production Technology. 1st Edn., International Book Distribution Co., New York, USA.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved