Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Relationship Between Maternal Nutritional-Social Status and Pregnancy Outcomes

F. Borazjani, K.A. Ahmadi and Parvin Shahri
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The aims of present study were to determine effect of maternal dietary intake and also socio-economical status on outcomes of pregnancy. A cross sectional study in Pune city Maharashtra state (India) was carried out among 156 singleton healthy pregnant women. Directly interview method was accomplished of the pregnant women who were visiting for their monthly check up. During each interview, information was sought concerning the demography background of pregnant women and 24 h diet recall and also food frequency questionnaire. Regression result showed the maternal fish, saturated oil and milk intake significant and positively contributed to birth biometrical parameters. While, unsaturated oil intakes was negatively associated. Moreover, birth size was influenced by maternal income-educational status. Subsequently, polynomial linearity test approved existence of increasing tendency among the variable. The study indicates that maternal dietary consumption can be considered as a reliable predictor of fetal growth. Similarly, educational status has an effect on fetal growth and pregnancy outcome.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

F. Borazjani, K.A. Ahmadi and Parvin Shahri, 2011. Relationship Between Maternal Nutritional-Social Status and Pregnancy Outcomes. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10: 724-727.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2011.724.727


1:  Allen, K.G. and M.A. Harris, 2001. The role of n 3 fatty acids in gestation and parturition. Exp. Boil Med. (Maywood), 226: 498-506.
PubMed  |  

2:  Borazjani, F., S.S. Kulkarni and K.A. Ahmadi, 2011. Impact of maternal factors on birth parameters in urban affluent pregnant women. Pak. J. Nutr., 10: 325-327.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  Cramer, J.C., 1995. Racial and ethnic differences in birth weight: The role of income and financial assistance. Demography, 32: 231-247.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Da Vanzo, J., J.P. Habicht and W.P. Butz, 1984. Assessing socioeconomic correlates of birth weight in Peninsular Malaysia: Ethnic differences and changes over time. Soc. Sci. Med., 18: 387-402.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

5:  Facchinetti, F., M. Fazzio and P. Venturini, 2005. Polyunsaturated fatty acids and risk of preterm delivery. Eur. Rev. Med. Pharmacol. Sci., 9: 41-48.
Direct Link  |  

6:  Xue, F., C.W. Willett, A.B. Rosner, R.M. Forman and B.K. Michels, 2008. Parental characteristics as predictors of birth weight. Human Reprod., 23: 168-177.
CrossRef  |  

7:  Godfrey, K., S. Robinson, D.J.P. Barker, C. Osmond and V. Cox, 1996. Maternal nutrition in early and late pregnancy in relation to placental and fetal growth. Br. Med. J., 312: 410-414.
Direct Link  |  

8:  Hornstra, G., 2000. Essential fatty acids in mothers and their neonates. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 71: 1262S-1269S.
Direct Link  |  

9:  Thorsdottir, I., B.E. Birgisdottir, S. Halldorsdottir and R.T. Geirsson, 2004. Association of fish and fish liver oil intake in pregnancy with infant size at birth among women of normal weight before pregnancy in a fishing community. Am. J. Epidemiol., 160: 460-465.
CrossRef  |  

10:  Kanade, A.N., S. Rao, R.S. Kelkar and S. Gupte, 2008. Maternal nutrition and birth size among urban affluent and rural women in India. J. Am. Coll. Nutr., 27: 137-145.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Karim, E. and C.G. Mascie Taylor, 1997. The association between birth weight, socio demographic variables and maternal anthropometry in an urban sample from Dhaka, Banghladesh. Ann. Hum. Biol., 24: 387-401.
PubMed  |  

12:  Lardelli, P., J.I. Blanco and M. Delgado Rodriguez, 1993. Influence of socioeconomic and health care development on infant and perinatal mortality in Spain 1975-86. J. Epidemiol. Community Health, 47: 260-264.
PubMed  |  

13:  Ludvigsson, J.F. and J. Ludvigsson, 2004. consumption during pregnancy and infant birth weight. Acta Paediatr., 93: 1474-1478.

14:  Mannion, C.A., K. Gray Donald and K.G. Koski, 2006. Association of low intake of milk and vitamin D during pregnancy with decreased birth weight. Can. Med. Assoc. J., 174: 1273-1277.
PubMed  |  

15:  Mathews, F., P. Yudkin and A. Neil, 1999. Influence of maternal nutrition on outcome of pregnancy: Prospective cohort study. Br. Med. J., 319: 339-343.
Direct Link  |  

16:  Nordic Council of Ministers, 1996. Nordic nutrition recommendations. Scandinavian J. Nutr., 40: 161-165.

17:  Olsen, S.F., J. Olsen and G. Frische, 1990. Does fish consumption during pregnancy increase fetal growth? A study of the size of the newborn, placental weight and gestational age in relation to fish consumption during pregnancy. Int. J. Epidemiol., 19: 971-977.
PubMed  |  

18:  Olsen, S.F., 1993. Consumption of marine n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy as a possible determinant of birth weight. A review of the current epidemiologic evidence. Epidemiol. Rev., 15: 399-413.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Olsen, S.F. and N.J. Secher, 2002. Low consumption of seafood in early pregnancy as a risk factor for preterm delivery: Prospective cohort study. Br. Med. J., 324: 447-450.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Rao, S., C.S. Yajnik, A. Kanade, C.H.D. Fall and B.M. Margetts et al., 2001. Intake of micronutrient-rich foods in rural Indian mothers is associated with the size of their babies at birth: Pune maternal nutrition study. J. Nutr., 131: 1217-1224.
Direct Link  |  

21:  Som, S., M. Pal, D.K. Adak, A.K. Gharami, S. Bharati and P. Bharati, 2004. . Effect of socio economic and biological variables on birth weight in Madhya Pradesh, India. Mal. J. Nutr., 10: 159-171.
Direct Link  |  

22:  Muthayya, S., 2009. Maternal nutrition and low birth weight what is really important?. In. J. Med. Res., 130: 600-608.
PubMed  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved