Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Abstract
Fulltext PDF
References
Research Article
 

Plasma Glucose, Protein and Cholesterol Levels of Chicks or Birds Maintained on Pawpaw (Carica papaya) Seed Containing Diet



R.N. Nwaoguikpe
 
ABSTRACT

Proximate analysis of dehusked Carica papaya seeds indicated the presence of the following constituents: Ash, 6.0%; fat, 14%; fiber, 18%; protein 23.1% and carbohydrates, 28.6%. Plasma assays of glucose, protein and cholesterol in the blood of birds maintained on the diet were determined and compared with the control. The birds were grouped into A (control), B (Intermediate group) and group C (test group). The parameters assayed exhibited the following results: Group A (190.05±1.61) range 42.70 mg/dl; 6.39±0.15) range 0.80 g/dl and (107.68±12.50), range 42.70 mg/dl; for glucose, protein and cholesterol respectively. For the intermediate group (group B), the following were derived for the parameters: (194.90±1.60) range 3.20 mg/dl; 6.41±0.05 (range 0.4 mg/dl) and 114.13±18.30 (range 25.0 mg/dl). For group C (test group), the following values were derived: 201.75±5.50 (range 19.50 mg/dl) 6.40±0.20 (range 0.80 mg/dl) and 104.98±3.30 (range 14.10 mg/dl) respectively. The average weight gain for the respective groups were: 268±0.18 (range 0.23 kg) for group A; 278±0.04 (range 0.13 kg) for group B and 2.96±0.08 (range 0.34 kg) for group C. The amount of food consumed were as follows: 5.13±1.40 (range 4.5 kg), 6.17±2.60 (range 6.4 kg) and 7.70±3.8 (range 8.8 kg) respectively; while the feed efficiency values were as follows: 0.37±0.03 (range 0.22), 0.33±0.01 (range 0.31) and 0.31±0.06 (range 0.49 respectively. Statistical analysis at p>0.5 indicated no significant difference in the means of the parameters investigated. Dehusked seeds of Carica papaya could be nutritionally, economically and therapeutically beneficial in poultry farming and management.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

R.N. Nwaoguikpe , 2010. Plasma Glucose, Protein and Cholesterol Levels of Chicks or Birds Maintained on Pawpaw (Carica papaya) Seed Containing Diet. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 9: 654-658.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2010.654.658

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2010.654.658

REFERENCES
AOAC, 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Washington DC., USA.

Anosike, E.O., 1994. Action of Insulin: An introduction to the principles of Biochemistry. Sunray Publications Ltd., Port Harcourt, pp: 228-230.

Baron, D.N., T.J. Whicher and K.E. Lee, 1993. Blood Sugar: A Short Textbook of Chemical Pathology. Butler and Tanner Ltd., London, pp: 55-62.

Ganong, W.F., 1991. Plasma Lipids: Review of Medical Physiology. 15th Edn., Prentice-Hall International Inc., USA., pp: 972-977.

Guyton, A.C., 1991. Lipid Metabolism: Medical Physiology. 8th Edn., W. Saunders, Philadeelphia, pp: 755-764.

Holvey, D.N., 1972. The Merck Manual Diagnostics and Therapy. Merck and Co. Inc., Rahyway, New York.

Kumar, D., S.K. Mishra and H.C. Tripathi, 1991. Mechanism of antihelminth action of benzylis-othiocyanate. Fitoterapia, 62: 403-410.

Lowry, O.H., N.J. Rosebrough, A.I. Farr and R.J. Randal, 1951. Protein determination. J. Biol. Chem., 101: 265-275.

Mayes, P.A., 1993. Cholesterol Synthesis, Transport and Excretion: Harpers Biochemistry. 23rd Edn., Prentice-Hall Int. Inc., New York, pp: 273-277.

Suhalla, M., Z. Ilassan and H.N. Abd, 1994. Antimicrobial activity of some fruit wastes (guava, starfruit, banana, papaya, passion fruit, duku rambutam and rambai). Patanika J. Trop. Agric. Sci., 17: 219-222.

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract