Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Abstract
Fulltext PDF
References
Research Article
 

Effect of Using Cuminum cyminum L, Citric Acid and Sodium Sulphate for Improving the Utilization of Low Protein Low Energy Broiler Diets



M.N. Ali, Kout El-Kloub M.El. Moustafa, M. Shabaan, A.M. Radwan and M.A. Sayed
 
ABSTRACT

Three hundred one day-old of unsexed Cobb broiler chicks were used in present study to examine the ability of Cuminum cyminum L (CC), Citric Acid (CA) or Sodium Sulphate (SS) either alone or in combination to increase nitrogen retention and utilization of the Low Protein Low Energy Diet (LPLE), containing 4% lower protein and 200 kcal/kg lower energy than control diets. At 42 days of age, LPLE diets decreased weight gain and degrade feed conversion by 23.24% and 19.47%, respectively compared to control diet. Besides, LPLE diet decreased daily nitrogen excretion by 25.92% compared to control diet. Supplementing LPLE diet with CC, CA and SS together improved weight gain, feed conversion and nitrogen retention percentage by 7.21, 6.16 and 16.69%, respectively. Compared to control diet, the combination of such feed additives succeeded in reducing daily nitrogen excretion by 64.81%. It can be conclude that the three additives used in present study work in synergy under low protein and low energy conditions. Further studies are needed to determine the optimum level of these additives mixture with different levels of protein and energy.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

M.N. Ali, Kout El-Kloub M.El. Moustafa, M. Shabaan, A.M. Radwan and M.A. Sayed, 2011. Effect of Using Cuminum cyminum L, Citric Acid and Sodium Sulphate for Improving the Utilization of Low Protein Low Energy Broiler Diets. International Journal of Poultry Science, 10: 514-522.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2011.514.522

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2011.514.522

REFERENCES
AOAC., 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC., USA.

Abd El-Hakim, A.S., G. Cherian and M.N. Ali, 2009. Use of organic acid, herbs and their combination to improve the utilization of commercial low protein broiler diets. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 8: 14-20.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Aletor, V.A., I.I. Hamid, E. Nieb and E. Pfeffer, 2000. Low-protein amino acid-supplemented diets in broilers chickens: Effects on performance, carcass characteristics, whole-body composition and efficiencies of nutrient utilization. J. Sci. Food Agric., 80: 547-554.
Direct Link  |  

Ali, M.N., A.A. Mahrous and F.G. Ahmed, 2008. Evaluation of some natural additives as growth enhancers in rabbits diets. Egypt. J. Rabbit Sci., 18: 67-82.

Ali, M.N., E.M.A. Qota and R.A. Hassan, 2010. Recovery from adverse effects of heat stress on slow-growing chicks using natural antioxidants without or with sulphate. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 9: 109-117.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Ali, M.N., M.S. Hassan and F.A. Abd El-Ghany, 2007. Effect of strain, type of natural antioxidant and sulphate ion on productive, hysiologicaland hatching performance of native laying hens. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6: 539-554.
Direct Link  |  

Almasri, M.N. and J.J. Kaluarachchi, 2007. Modeling nitrate contamination of groundwater in agricultural watersheds. J. Hydrol., 343: 211-229.
CrossRef  |  

Boling-Frankenbach, S.D., J.L. Snow, C.M. Parsons and D.H. Baker, 2001. The effect of citric acid on the calcium and phosphorus requirements of chicks fed corn-soybean meal diets. Poult. Sci., 80: 783-788.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Bottje, W.G., M. Iqbal, N.R. Pumford, C. Ojano-Dirain and K. Lassiter, 2004. Role of mitochondria in the phenotypic expression of feed efficiency. J. Applied Poult. Res., 13: 94-105.
Direct Link  |  

Bregendahl, K., J.L. Sell and D.R. Zimmerman, 2002. Effect of low-protein diets on growth performance and body composition of broiler chicks. Poult. Sci., 81: 1156-1167.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Brigelius-Flohe, R. and M.G. Traber, 1999. Vitamin E: Function and metabolism. FASEB J., 13: 1145-1155.
Direct Link  |  

CLFF., 2001. Feed composition tables for animal and poultry feedstuffs used in Egypt. Technical Bulletin No. 1, Central Lab for Feed and Food, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.

Canas-Rodriguez, A. and H.W. Smith, 1966. The identification of the antimicrobial factors of the stomach contents of sucking rabbits. Biochem. J., 100: 79-82.
PubMed  |  

Cohen, A., K. Klasing and R. Ricklefs, 2007. Measuring circulating antioxidants in wild birds. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part B: Biochem. Mol. Biol., 147: 110-121.
CrossRef  |  

Corzo, A., C.A. Fritts, M.T. Kidd and B.J. Kerr, 2005. Response of broiler chicks to essential and non-essential amino acid supplementation of low crude protein diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 118: 319-327.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Donaldson, W.E., 1985. Lipogenesis and body fat in chicks: Effects of calorie-protein ratio and dietary fat. Poult. Sci., 64: 1199-1204.
PubMed  |  

Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

El-Ramly, I.M., 1997. Hydro geological and water quality characteristics of the saturated zone beneath the various land uses in the Nile Delta region, Egypt. Proceedings of the Rabat Symposium S4: Freshwater Contamination, April 23- May 3, 1997, Morocco, pp: 255-261.

Ercal, N., H. Gurer-Orhan and N. Aykin-Burns, 2001. Toxic metals and oxidative stress part I: Mechanisms involved in metal-induced oxidative damage. Curr. Top. Med. Chem., 1: 529-539.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Falany, C.N., 1991. Molecular enzymology of human liver cytosolic SULTs. Trends Pharmacol. Sci., 12: 255-259.
PubMed  |  

Fancher, B.I. and L.S. Jensen, 1989. Dietary protein level and essential amino acid content: Influence upon female broiler performance during the grower period. Poult. Sci., 68: 897-908.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Grune, T., T. Reinheckel and K.J. Davies, 1997. Degradation of oxidized proteins in mammalian cells. FASEB J., 11: 526-534.
Direct Link  |  

Halliwell, B. and J.M.C. Gutteridge, 2007. Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine. 4th Edn., Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK., ISBN-13: 9780198568698, Pages: 888.

Halliwell, B., 1999. Antioxidant defences mechanisms: From the beginning to the end (of the beginning). Free Radical Res., 31: 261-272.
PubMed  |  

Iqbal, M., N.R. Pumford, Z.X. Tang, K. Lassiter, T. Wing, M. Cooper and W. Bottje, 2004. Low feed efficient broilers within a single genetic line exhibit higher oxidative stress and protein expression in breast muscle with lower mitochondrial complex activity. Poult. Sci., 83: 474-484.
Direct Link  |  

Jakoby, W.B., 1980. Sulfotronsferases. In: Enzymatic Basis of Detoxification, Jakoby, W. (Ed.). Vol. 2, Academic Press, New York, pp: 199-228.

Lawrence, B.M., 1992. Progress in essential oils. Perfumer Flavourist, 17: 42-44.

Le Floc'h, N., D. Melchior and C. Obled, 2004. Modifications of protein and amino acid metabolism during inflammation and immune system activation. Livest. Prod. Sci., 87: 37-45.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Lippens, M., G. Huyghebaert and E. Cerchiari, 2005. Effect of the use of coated plant extracts and organic acids as alternatives for antimicrobial growth promoters on the performance of broiler chickens. Arch. Geflugelk, 69: 261-266.

Luo, X.G., Q. Su, J.C. Huang and J.X. Liu, 1992. Effects of manganese (Mn) deficiency on tissue Mn-containing Superoxide Dismutase (MnSOD) activity and its mitochondrial ultrastructures of broiler chicks fed a practical diet. Chin. J. Anim. Vet. Sci., 23: 97-101.

Manach, C., A. Scalbert, C. Morand, C. Remesy and L. Jimenez, 2004. Polyphenols: Food sources and bioavailability. J. Clin. Nutr., 79: 727-747.
Direct Link  |  

Meister, A., 1992. Commentary on the antioxidant effects of ascorbic acid and glutathione. Biochem. Pharmacol., 44: 1903-1915.

Minkara, M.Y., J.H. Wilhoit, C.W. Wood and K.S. Yoon, 1995. Nitrate monitoring and GLEAMS simulation for poultry litter application to pine seedlings. Trans. ASAE., 38: 147-152.
Direct Link  |  

Morard, V., 2000. Emission of biogenic greenhouse gases from agriculture: Political background and a European perspective. Proceedings of the Conference on the Biogenic Emissions of Greenhouse Gases Caused by Arable and Animal Agriculture, October 12-13, 2000, Stuttgart, pp: 1-5.

Nezhad, Y.E., M. Shivazad, M. Nazeeradl and M.M.S. Babak, 2007. Influence of citric acid and microbial phytase on performance and phytate utilization in broiler chicks fed a corn-soybean meal diet. J. Fac. Vet. Med. Univ. Tehran, 61: 407-413.

Powell, S.R., 2000. The antioxidant properties of zinc. J. Nutr., 130: 1447S-1454S.
Direct Link  |  

Richards, J.D., J. Gong and C.F.M. de Lange, 2005. The gastrointestinal microbiota and its role in monogastric nutrition and health with an emphasis on pigs: Current understanding, possible modulations and new technologies for ecological studies. Can. J. Anim. Sci., 85: 421-435.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Ritter, W.E. and A.E.M. Chirnside, 1982. Ground water quality in selected areas of Ken and Sussex counties, Delaware. Technical Report. Delaware Agriculture Experiment Station, Newark, DE.

SAS Institute, 1990. SAS-User's Guide, Statistics. Version 6. 4th Edn., SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

Scott, M.L., M.C. Nesheim and R.J. Young, 1982. Nutrition of the Chicken. 3rd Edn., ML Scott and Associates, Ithaca, New York.

Sen, C.K., M. Atalay, J. Agren, D.E. Laaksonen, S. Roy and O. Hanninen, 1997. Fish oil and vitamin E supplementation in oxidative stress at rest and after physical exercise. J. Applied Physiol., 83: 189-195.
PubMed  |  

Spais, A.B., L.A. Giannenas, P. Fluorou-Paneri, E. Christaki and N.A. Botsoglou, 2002. Effect of Genex, a feed additive containing organic acids and herb extracts, on the performance of broiler chickens. Hellenic Vet., 53: 247-256.
Direct Link  |  

Srinivas, S.R., 1986. Atlas of Essential Oils. Bronx, New York, pp: 36.

Sugiura, S.H., F.M. Dong and R.W. Hardy, 1998. Effects of dietary supplements on the availability of minerals in fish meal: Preliminary observations. Aquaculture, 160: 283-303.
CrossRef  |  

Surai, P.F., 2002. Natural Antioxidants in Avian Nutrition and Reproduction. Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, ISBN: 9781897676950, Pages: 615.

Tonsy, H.D., A.S. Faiza, S.H. Mahmoud, K.F. El-Kholy and M.N. Ali, 2010. Efficiency of using low plant protein diets containing some feed additives on growth performance and body composition of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings. Egypt. J. Nutr. Feeds, 13: 607-621.

Van Campen, D. and W.A. House, 1974. Effect of a low protein diet on retention of an oral dose of Zn65 and on tissue concentrations of zinc, iron and copper in rats. J. Nutr., 104: 84-90.

Wolfe, A.H. and J.A. Patz, 2002. Reactive nitrogen and human health: Acute and long-term implications. Ambio, 31: 120-125.
PubMed  |  

Yamazaki, M., H. Murakami, K. Nakashima, M. Otsuka, R. Takada and H. Abe, 2007. Effect of cellulase supplementation in low-crude protein diets on performance, nitrogen excretion, fat deposition, hepatic lipogenic and lipolytic enzyme activity in broilers. Br. Poult. Sci., 48: 210-216.
PubMed  |  

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract