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Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 5 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 51-58
DOI: 10.3923/rjvs.2012.51.58
 
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Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Thermophilic Campylobacter Isolates from Commercial Broiler Flocks in Sokoto, Nigeria

M.D. Salihu, A.U. Junaidu, A.A. Magaji and Y. Yakubu

Abstract:
The study was carried out to determine the prevalence and the antimicrobial resistance profile of thermophilic Campylobacter sp. from broiler chickens. A total of 270 cloacal swab samples from randomly selected commercial broiler farms in the state capital were collected and examined for the presence of Campylobacter sp. The prevalence of Campylobacter was 139 (51.5%). Campylobacter jejuni constitute 87 (62.6%) of the positive isolates while C. coli and C. lari accounts for 30 (21.6%) and 22 (15.8%), respectively of the positive isolates. The results of antimicrobial susceptibility testing shows that isolates were resistant to the tested agent except Chloramphenicol. The resistance rates ranges from 11.6 to 32.1%. A total of 92 (82.1%) of the tested isolates showed resistance to one or more antibiotics. Twenty one (18.7%) of the isolates were resistant to single antibiotic, 30 (26.8%) were resistant to two antibiotics while 41 (36.6%) were resistant to more than three antibiotics. Resistance to ampicillin was more accounting for about 32.1% and lowest resistance was observed with erythromycin accounting for 11.6% . All the isolates were susceptible to chloramphenicol. The isolation of antibiotic-resistant strains from broiler chickens is of serious concern to food safety and public health.
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How to cite this article:

M.D. Salihu, A.U. Junaidu, A.A. Magaji and Y. Yakubu, 2012. Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Thermophilic Campylobacter Isolates from Commercial Broiler Flocks in Sokoto, Nigeria. Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 5: 51-58.

DOI: 10.3923/rjvs.2012.51.58

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjvs.2012.51.58

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