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Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 18 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 109-116
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2019.109.116
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Knowledge of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Adults with and Without Diabetes in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Razalee Sedek and Saziatul Nazirah Saari

Background and Objective: This study aimed to compare the level of knowledge on type 2 diabetes between adults with and without diabetes in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi. Materials and Methods: The sample of this study included 202 UKM staff members including 101 diabetic respondents (DRs) and 101 non-diabetic respondents (NDRs) aged between 30 and 59 years. A questionnaire was used in this study to collect information on the respondents’ sociodemographics and knowledge about type 2 diabetes. Results: The overall mean age for the respondents was 49.6±6.4 years. This study revealed that the mean score of knowledge for DRs and NDRs was comparable, with 80.4±14.0 and 76.7±14.3%, respectively (p>0.05), responding in the good category. The percentage of respondents for DRs that answered correctly on a few individual questions was significantly higher compared with NDRs (p<0.05), such as diabetes is a condition of insufficient insulin, complications include loss of sensation in the arms and legs, tablets and capsules are available for the control of diabetes and diabetics should carry sweets when they are out. The highest mean scores were obtained by DRs (95.0±14.6%) and NDRs (94.6±1.4%) in the monitoring sections (p>0.05), while the lowest scores were found for the general knowledge section, with a mean score of 69.1±23.0 and 65.7±20.0%, respectively (p>0.05). There was a significant difference in the mean score for the treatment and management of diabetes section between the DRs (80.5±18.8%) and NDRs (74.3±17.7%) (p<0.05). Conclusion: The level of knowledge on type 2 diabetes for both groups was good. The information gained could subsequently be helpful for the Health Center of the UKM and Health Ministry of Malaysia to design and initiate comprehensive programmes for the detection and control of diabetes and its complications with self-care and community support as its major components.
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How to cite this article:

Razalee Sedek and Saziatul Nazirah Saari, 2019. Knowledge of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Adults with and Without Diabetes in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 18: 109-116.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2019.109.116






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