Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
FOLLOW US:     Facebook     Twitter
Blue
   
Curve Top
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 393-399
DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.393.399
Effects of Calcium (Ca), Phosphorus (P) and Manganese (Mn) Supplementation during Oil Palm Frond Fermentation by Phanerochaete chrysosporium on Rumen Fluid Characteristics and Microbial Protein Synthesis
Novirman Jamarun, Mardiati Zain, Arief and Roni Pazla

Abstract:
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P) and manganese (Mn) supplementation during Oil Palm Frond (OPF) fermentation by Phanerochaete chrysosporium on rumen fluid characteristics and Microbial Protein Synthesis (MPS). Materials and Methods: This study was conducted using a randomized block design with 3 treatments (the addition of Ca, P and Mn) and 5 replications. The following treatments were performed: T1 = 2000 ppm Ca+1000 ppm P+150 ppm Mn, T2 = 2000 ppm Ca+1500 ppm P+150 ppm Mn and T3 = 2000 ppm Ca+2000 ppm P+150 ppm Mn. The data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Duncan’s multiple range test for comparisons among the treatment means. The parameters measured were as follows: pH, Volatile Fatty Acids (VFAs) (mM), NH3 (mM), total protozoa (cells mL–1) (log 10), total bacteria (cells mL–1) (log 10) and MPS (mg mL–1). Results: The results revealed that VFA levels were significantly increased by the addition of P in T3. However, T1, T2 and T3 non-significantly affected (p>0.05) pH, NH3, total protozoa, total bacterial and MPS. Conclusion: The supplementation of OPFs with 2000 ppm Ca, 2000 ppm P and 150 ppm Mn resulted in the best rumen fluid characteristics and MPS.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Microbial Protein Synthesis and in vitro Fermentability of Fermented Oil Palm Fronds by Phanerochaete chrysosporium in Combination with Tithonia (Tithonia diversifolia) and Elephant Grass (Pennisetum purpureum)
  •    Supplementation of Minerals (Phosphorus and Sulfur) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in a Sheep Diet Based on a Cocoa By-product
  •    Populations of Rumen Microbes and the In vitro Digestibility of Fermented Oil Palm Fronds in Combination with Tithonia (Tithonia diversifolia) and Elephant Grass (Pennisetum purpureum)
How to cite this article:

Novirman Jamarun, Mardiati Zain, Arief and Roni Pazla, 2017. Effects of Calcium (Ca), Phosphorus (P) and Manganese (Mn) Supplementation during Oil Palm Frond Fermentation by Phanerochaete chrysosporium on Rumen Fluid Characteristics and Microbial Protein Synthesis. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16: 393-399.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2017.393.399

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2017.393.399

 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

       

       

Curve Bottom