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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 132-137
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2010.132.137
 
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Vinegar Production from Togolese Local Variety Mangovi of Mango Mangifera indica Linn. (Anacardiaceae)

Y. Ameyapoh, Jean-Yves Leveau, Simplice D. Karou, M. Bouix, Seyram K. Sossou and C. De Souza

Abstract:
The present study aimed to access for the physiochemical parameters of vinegar production through Togolese local variety Mangovi of mango Mangifera indica juice fermentation. The juice was fermented successively by Saccharomyces cerevisisae and acetic bacteria. The levels of ethanol and acetic acid in the juice during the production of vinegar were monitored by gas chromatography and titrimetry methods, respectively. The physiological state of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae L2056 was determined by flow cytometry using a dual fluorescent labeling of diacetate carboxy-fluorescein (CFDA) and propidium iodide. The results indicated that 200 mL of mango juice, sugar content 20 Brix, set in alcoholic fermentation with 106 yeast cells produced 22.4 g L-1 ethanol in 72 h. Acetic fermentation transformed 93% of this ethanol to acetic acid in 288 h. Twenty-four hours after the beginning of alcoholic fermentation, 91% of cells were viable, 8.85% were stressed and 0.05% died. After 24 h of acetic fermentation, viable, stressed and dead cells were 45, 12 and 39%, respectively; corresponding to the passage of acetic vinegar level from 0.9 to 2.1°. At the end of the acetic fermentation, dead cells were estimated to 98% at and acetic acid to 4.7°. Using consecutive fermentations is suitable technique for vinegar production from mango juice. The application of the present results may contribute to avoid fruits post harvest losses.
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How to cite this article:

Y. Ameyapoh, Jean-Yves Leveau, Simplice D. Karou, M. Bouix, Seyram K. Sossou and C. De Souza, 2010. Vinegar Production from Togolese Local Variety Mangovi of Mango Mangifera indica Linn. (Anacardiaceae). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 13: 132-137.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2010.132.137

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2010.132.137

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