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Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 38-47
DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2013.38.47
Nutraceuticals from Fruits and Vegetables at a Glance: A Review
Mahima , Amit Kumar Verma, Ruchi Tiwari, K. Karthik, Sandip Chakraborty, Rajib Deb and Kuldeep Dhama

Abstract:
Earth is rich in variety of plant species including the beneficial one having some medicinal properties. The use of herbal medicines for the treatment of various diseases like hepatitis, arthritis, chronic heart diseases, skin disorders, wounds and even cancer have been mentioned in our ‘ayurveda’ and proved scientifically by many researchers of modern times. Now-a-days, fruits and vegetables are gaining popularity in medicine for treating mastitis, foot-and-mouth disease, skin allergies, hypersensitivity reaction, tympany, food poisoning, retention of placenta etc. These medicines are suitable for both the human as well as animals being cost economic and without side effects. Out of 21,000 medicinal plants listed by World Health organization, 2,500 species are found in India making India the largest potential producer of medicinal herbs. The plant or herbs particularly the fruits and vegetables are the cheapest and most common store of nutrients viz., carbohydrates, protein, vitamin, minerals and essential amino acids along with dietary fiber and thus reducing the risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases and obesity. Apart from this, fruits and vegetables also supply additional vitamins and minerals to the diet and are important sources of phytochemicals that play important role as antioxidants, phytoestrogens and anti-inflammatory agents and through various protective mechanisms. Fruits and vegetables have the potential to develop nutritional ingredients and supplements, causing a change in the perception of horticultural crops and products and helps in anaerobic digestion. The present review discusses the role of fiber and health benefits of fruits and vegetables for humans and their companion animals.
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How to cite this article:

Mahima , Amit Kumar Verma, Ruchi Tiwari, K. Karthik, Sandip Chakraborty, Rajib Deb and Kuldeep Dhama, 2013. Nutraceuticals from Fruits and Vegetables at a Glance: A Review. Journal of Biological Sciences, 13: 38-47.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2013.38.47

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2013.38.47

 
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