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International Journal of Poultry Science
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 19 | Issue: 9 | Page No.: 432-446
DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2020.432.446
 
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Morpho-Biometric Characterization of Indigenous Guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) Populations in Northern Togo

A.E. Soara , E. Talaki, G-K. Dayo and K. Tona

Abstract:

Objective: The present study aimed at carrying out the morpho-biometric characterization of indigenous guinea fowl populations. Materials and Methods: Data collection was conducted between March and July 2018 in two agroecological zones in northern Togo. The study was carried out on 738 adult guinea fowl. Each animal was described by direct observation. Body weight and measurements were recorded. Results: The results revealed twelve colours of the plumage with a dominance of Bonaparte (39.0%) and Pearl grey (27.1%) colours and a rarity of Cinnamon pied (0.7%), Isabelle (0.3%) and Coral blue (0.1%) colours. The plumage was mostly smooth (90.5%). The eyes were mostly brown (57.0%) but Albino guinea fowl predominantly had white colour (85.2%) for the eye. Regardless of the phenotype, the helmet was curved (73.2%) and mumps white-bluish colour (85.5%). In Atakora, the beak was brown (81.3%), the wattles were red-white (49.8%), the shanks were black-red (32.6%) and the toes were red (47.6% ) while in the Dry Savannah the beak was red (52.9%), the wattles were red-bluish (38.4%), the shanks were black-orange (12.3%) and the toes were grey (35.2%). For the beak length, drumstick length, body length and body weight, the Dry Savannah guinea fowl showed significantly (p<0.05) higher values than those of Atakora guinea fowl. Moreover, guinea fowl with Pearl grey phenotype (1.36±0.28 kg) were heavier (p<0.05) than the other phenotypes. Conclusion: Positive relationship could not be established between phenotype and biometric characteristics in this study. Further studies are required using molecular and zootechnical information to establish relationship between different phenotypes.

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How to cite this article:

A.E. Soara, E. Talaki, G-K. Dayo and K. Tona, 2020. Morpho-Biometric Characterization of Indigenous Guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) Populations in Northern Togo. International Journal of Poultry Science, 19: 432-446.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2020.432.446

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2020.432.446

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