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International Journal of Cancer Research
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 4 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 103-109
DOI: 10.3923/ijcr.2008.103.109
 
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Cytotoxic Potential on Breast Cancer Cells Using Selected Forest Species Found in Malaysia
A.S. Nor Aini, A. Merrina, J. Stanslas and S. Sreeramanan

Abstract:
In vitro studies were carried out to evaluate the cytotoxic potential of three selected forest herbaceous species: Tectaria singaporeana (TS), Blechnum orientale (BO) and Tacca integrifolia (TCI). Methanol/methylene chloride extracts of three plant parts viz. leaves, roots and stems were assessed for their cytotoxic potential against human breast cancer cells (MCF-7wt.). Screening of these extracts was done using the microculture, followed by tetrazolium assay after a period of 72 h. There were significant differences between different parts of plants and dilution levels in terms of cytotoxicity, with roots and concentration of 100 μg mL-1 showing the highest cell mortality of 19.58 and 36.59%, respectively. However, the leaves and the stems of all three plant species did not induce any cytotoxic activity on the cells. Overall, the most promising material (IC50 <100 μg mL-1) were the methanolic extracts from the roots of all three plants. Tectaria singaporeana showed the highest cytotoxic potential with an IC50 value of 28.57 ± 11.74 μg mL-1 followed by Blechnum orientale, 32.07 ± 7.85 μg mL-1 and Tacca integrifolia, 95.03 ± 17.49 μg mL-1. From this study, the extracts of these plants may prove to be useful in cancer treatment and prevention.
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How to cite this article:

A.S. Nor Aini, A. Merrina, J. Stanslas and S. Sreeramanan, 2008. Cytotoxic Potential on Breast Cancer Cells Using Selected Forest Species Found in Malaysia. International Journal of Cancer Research, 4: 103-109.

DOI: 10.3923/ijcr.2008.103.109

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijcr.2008.103.109

 
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