Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Abstract
Fulltext PDF
References
Research Article
 

Nutritional Status, Nutritional Habit and Breakfast Intake in Relation to IQ among Primary School Children in Baghdad City, Iraq



Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Zaleha Md. Isa, Syed Aljunid, Azmi Mohd. Tamil and Mohammed A. Abdalqader
 
ABSTRACT

Nutrition for children especially during the development stage is crucial. A lot of studies have been done to observe the effects of nutrition on child cognition development but the situation in Iraq is absolutely different. A cross-sectional study was carried out in Baghdad city, Iraq to assess the nutritional status and nutritional habit of primary school children and to relate it with their Intelligence Quotient (IQ) score using standardized tools. The prevalence of malnutrition was 12.1% among Iraqi children. Nutritional status, nutritional habit and breakfast intake were significantly associated with children intelligence (p = <0.001, <0.001, <0.001) respectively. Malnutrition among children is still to be a public health issue in Iraq and it is affecting the child cognitive function and academic performance at school.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Zaleha Md. Isa, Syed Aljunid, Azmi Mohd. Tamil and Mohammed A. Abdalqader, 2012. Nutritional Status, Nutritional Habit and Breakfast Intake in Relation to IQ among Primary School Children in Baghdad City, Iraq. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 11: 379-382.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2012.379.382

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2012.379.382

REFERENCES
Bellisle, F., 2004. Effects of diet on behavior and cognition in children. Br. J. Nutr., 92: S227-S232.
PubMed  |  

Brown, J.L. and E. Pollitt, 1996. Malnutrition, poverty and intellectual development. Sci. Am., 274: 38-43.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

Grantham-McGregor, S.M., S. Chang and S.P. Walker, 1998. Evaluation of school feeding programs: Some Jamaican examples. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 67: 785-789.
Direct Link  |  

Greenwood, C.E. and R.E.A. Craig, 1987. Dietary influences on brain function: Implications during periods of neuronal maturation. Curr. Topics Nutr. Dis., 16: 159-216.

Ivanovic, D., A. Almagia, T. Toro, C. Castro and H. Perez et al., 2000. Impact of nutritional status on brain development, intelligence and scholastic achievement in a multifactorial approach. La Educacio'n, 44: 3-35.

Lloyd, H.M., P.J. Rogers and D.I. Hedderley, 1996. Acute effects on mood and cognitive performance of breakfasts differing in fat and carbohydrate content. Appetite, 27: 151-164.
Direct Link  |  

Pollitt, E., S. Cueto and E.R. Jacoby, 1998. Fasting and cognition in well and undernourished schoolchildren: A review of three experimental studies. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 67: 779S-784S.
Direct Link  |  

Simeon, D.T., 1998. School feeding in Jamaica: A review of its evaluation. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 67: 790S-794S.
Direct Link  |  

Toga, A.W., P.M. Thompson and E.R. Sowell, 2006. Mapping brain maturation. Trends Neurosci., 29: 148-159.
PubMed  |  

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract