Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Impact of Birth Weight on the Nutritional Status and Academic Performance of School Age Children



U.M. Odenigbo, C.C. Nkwoala and O.C. Okpala
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

This study compared the nutritional status and academic performance of Low Birth Weight (LBW) and Normal Birth Weight (NBW) school-aged population in Nigeria. A total of 119 subjects were involved in this study from a purposely selected one rural and one urban school in Abia state. Pre tested and validated questionnaires were used in data collection. Academic performance was obtained from their school records, while birth weights and ages were obtained from health/immunization cards. SPSS version 15.0 was used for data analysis. The subjects comprised of 57.1% males and 42.9% females, of 9-12 years old. Low prevalence (14.3%) of LBW was found. All three indicators used for nutritional status assessment (weight for age; height for age; BMI) showed more than 50% of study population as having normal nutritional status (96.64, 74.79 and 63.03% respectively). Stunting was 10.08%, overweight 2.52% and 6.72%, while obesity was 0.84%. This study revealed a significant (p<0.05) influence of birth weight on nutritional status with the use of BMI and weight for age indicators. The only child found underweight (<-2SD weight for age) had a LBW. The NBW group had higher percent of normal nutritional status than LBW group (Weight for age: 98.04% Vs 88.24%, BMI 65.69% Vs 47.06%). Stunted was found among 11.77% of the LBW and 9.80% of NBW groups (p>0.05). The subjects’ birth weight had no significant (p>0.05) influence on their academic performance. The findings of this study emphasize more attention to children born with LBW for improvement in their growth and academic performance.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

U.M. Odenigbo, C.C. Nkwoala and O.C. Okpala, 2010. Impact of Birth Weight on the Nutritional Status and Academic Performance of School Age Children. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 9: 1157-1161.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2010.1157.1161

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2010.1157.1161

REFERENCES
1:  Brandt, I., E.J. Sticker, R. Gausche and M.J. Lentze, 2005. Catch-up growth of supine length/height of very low birth weight, small for gestational age preterm infants to adulthood. J. Pediatr., 147: 662-668.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Cooke, R.W. and L. Foulder-Hughes, 2003. Growth impairment in the very preterm and cognitive and motor performance at 7 years. Arch. Dis. Child., 88: 482-487.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  Dawodu, A.H. and A.A.O. Laditan, 1985. Low birth weight in an urban community in Nigeria. Ann. Trop. Paediatr., 5: 61-66.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Elgen, I., K.A. Johansonn, T. Markestad and C. Sommerfelt, 2005. A non-handicapped cohort of low birth weight children: Growth and general health status at 11 years of age. Acta Pediatr., 94: 1203-1207.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Emond, A.M., P.I.C. Lira, M.C. Lima, S.M. Grantham-Mcgregor and A. Ashworth, 2006. Development and behaviour of low birth weight term infants at 8 years in northeast Brazil: A longitudinal study. Acta Pediatr., 95: 1249-1257.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Gutbrod, T., D. Wolke, B. Soehne, B. Ohrt and K. Riegel, 2000. Effects of gestation and birth weight on the growth and development of very low birthweight small for gestational age infants: A matched group comparison. Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed., 82: F208-F214.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Hack, M., 1998. Effects of intrauterine growth retardation on mental performance and behavior: Outcomes during adolescence and adulthood. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 52: S65-S71.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Hawdon, J., E. Hey, I. Kolvin and T. Fundudis, 1990. Born too small-is outcome still affected. Dev. Med. Child Neurol., 32: 943-953.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Manoochehr, M., M. Noureddin and U. Amin-Gooran, 2009. Intelligence Quotient (IQ) and growth indices in children with the history of low birth weight. Iran J. Pediatr., 19: 387-392.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Olowonyo, T., S. Oshin and I. Obasanjo-Bello, 2006. Some factors associated with low birth weight in Ogun State, Nigeria. Nig. Med. Pract., 49: 154-157.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Peng, Y., B. Huang and F. Biro, 2005. Outcome of low birth weight in China: A 16-year longitudinal study. Acta Pediatr., 94: 843-849.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Pryor, J., P.A. Silva and M. Brooke, 1995. Growth, development and behaviour in adolescents born small-for-gestational-age. J. Pediatr. Child Health, 31: 403-407.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Ranke, M.B., B. Vollmer and R. Traunecker, 2007. Growth and development are similar in VLBW children born appropriate and small for gestational age: An interim report on 97 preschool children. J. Pediatr. Endocrinol. Metab., 20: 1017-1026.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Stoll, B.J., 2007. The Fetus and the Neonatal Infant In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. Kliegman, R.M., R.E. Behrman, H.B. Jenson and B.F. Stanton (Eds.), 18th Edn., Saunders Co., Philadelphia, Pennysylvania, USA., pp: 671-674.

15:  Takeuchi, T., D. Tanaka, N. Saikawa, H. Satoh and J. Iwasaki et al., 2001. Growth and endocrine function during school age in very low-birth weight infants. Pediatr. Intern., 43: 128-133.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

16:  Tong, S., P. Baghurst and A. McMichael, 2006. Birth weight and cognitive development during childhood. J. Peadiatr. Child. Health, 42: 98-103.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Wilcox, A.J. and R. Skaeven, 1992. Birth weight and perinatal mortality: The effect of gestational age. Am. J. Publ. Health, 82: 378-383.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved