Earthquakes have affected public health and nutrition.
Therefore; this study was conducted to evaluate the nutritional status of
adults living in the areas affected by Turkey`s two largest earthquakes 18
months after they occurred. This study included 285 healthy adults (111
men and 174 women) who were studied in order to highlight the effects that
two earthquakes had on their nutritional status. All the participants were
living in the earthquake zones and surrounding areas. The study began
approximately 18 months after the Marmara Earthquake of August 17th, 1999
and the Düzce Earthquake of November 12th, 1999. The average Body Mass
Index (BMI) of the study group after the earthquakes was 24.6±3.6 kg
m-2 for the men and 23.4±4.7 kg m-2 for the women.
Daily energy intake of the men and women was 1385.4±495.7 and 1202.9±452.1
kcal, respectively. In present study population, energy (p<0.005),
protein (p<0.005), carbohydrate (p<0.001), thiamin, niacin
(p<0.005), vitamin A, calcium and iron intake of the men was higher
than that of the women. However, energy and nutrient intake, both in the
men and women we sampled, were below daily-recommended levels. In order to
provide adequate and balanced nutrition to survivors in the regions
affected by earthquakes, emergency nutrition plans should be prepared and
implemented. One should bear in mind the importance of nutrition to the
physical and psychological health of people following natural disasters.