Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effect of Different Feed Restriction Regimes During the Starter Stage on Productivity and Carcass Characteristics of Male and Female Ross 308 Broiler Chickens



D.J. Novel, J.W. Ng`ambi, D. Norris and C.A. Mbajiorgu
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of different feed restriction regimes during the starter stage (14-21 days) on productivity and carcass characteristics of male and female Ross 308 chickens. A 3 (feeding levels: ad-libitum intake, 50% ad-libitum intake and 75% ad-libitum intake) x 2 (male and female chickens) factorial arrangement in a complete randomized design was used. Feed restriction affected (p<0.05) live weight of chickens at the age of 21 days and male chickens were heavier (p<0.05) than females at the same age. Chickens on 75% ad libitum feeding attained complete compensation in live weight at 42 days of age while those on 50% ad libitum feeding did not. However, male chickens attained higher (p<0.05) live weights than female chickens at 42 days of age. It is suggested that 75% ad libitum restriction feeding during the starter stage from 14 up to 21 days of age may offer some economic advantage over ad-libitum feeding regimen, mainly by enhancing feed utilization. It may, therefore, be a useful nutritional strategy to reduce the cost of commercial starter grain based-diets.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

D.J. Novel, J.W. Ng`ambi, D. Norris and C.A. Mbajiorgu , 2009. Effect of Different Feed Restriction Regimes During the Starter Stage on Productivity and Carcass Characteristics of Male and Female Ross 308 Broiler Chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science, 8: 35-39.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2009.35.39

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2009.35.39

REFERENCES
1:  Arce, J., M. Berger and C.L. Coello, 1992. Control of ascites syndrome by feed restriction techniques. J. Applied Poult. Res., 1: 1-5.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  AOAC., 2002. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 17th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists Inc., USA.

3:  Calvert, C.C., J.P. McMurtry, R.W. Rosebrough and R.G. Campbell, 1987. Effect of energy level on the compensatory growth response of broilers following early feed restriction. Poult. Sci., 66: 75-75.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Jones, G.P.D. and D.J. Farrell, 1992. Early Life food restriction of chicken. I. Methods of application, amino acid supplementation and the age at which restriction should commence. Br. Poult. Sci., 33: 579-587.

6:  Leeson, S., J.D. Summers and L.J. Caston, 1991. Diet dilution and compensatory growth in broilers. Poult. Sci., 70: 867-873.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Leu, W.M.K., J.T.B. Cotta, A.I.G. Oliveira and P.B. Rodrigue, 2002. Desempenho de frangos submetidos a restricao alimentar na fase inicial em diferentes sistemas de criacao. Ciencia Agrotecnica Lavras, 26: 610-617.

8:  Lippens, M., G. Room, G. de Groote and E. Decuypere, 2000. Early and temporary quantitative food restriction of broiler chickens. 1. Effects on performance characteristics, mortality and meat quality. Br. Poult. Sci., 41: 343-354.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA., ISBN-13: 9780309048927, Pages: 155.

10:  Oyedeji, J.O. and J.O. Atteh, 2005. Response of broilers to feeding manipulations. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 4: 91-95.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Pinchasov, Y., I. Nir and I. Nitsan, 1985. Metabolic and anatomical adaptations of heavy-bodied chicks to intermittent feeding. I Food intake, growth rate, organ weight and body composition. Poult. Sci., 64: 2098-2109.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Pinchasov, Y. and L.S. Jensen, 1989. Comparision of physiological and chemical means of feed restriction in broiler chicks. Poult. Sci., 68: 61-69.

13:  Plavnik, I., J.P. McMurty and R.W. Rosebrough, 1986. Effect of early feed restriction in broiler. I. Growth performance and carcass composition. Growth, 50: 68-76.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Plavnik, I. and S. Hurwitz, 1989. Effect of dietary protein, energy and feed pelletting on the response of chicks to early feed restriction. Poult. Sci., 68: 1184-1185.

15:  Plavnik, I. and S. Hurwitz, 1988. Early feed restriction in chicks: Effect of age, duration and sex. Poult. Sci., 67: 384-390.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

16:  Plavnik, I. and S. Hurwitz, 1991. Response of broiler chickens and Turkey poults to food restriction of varied severity during early life. Br. Poult. Sci., 32: 343-352.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Robinson, F.E., H.L. Classen, J.A. Hanson and D.K. Odenka, 1992. Growth performance, feed efficiency and incidence of skeletal and metabolic diseases in full-fed and feed restricted broiler and roaster chickens. J. Applied Poult. Res., 1: 33-41.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Saleh, K., Y.A. Attia and H. Younis, 1996. Effect of feed restriction and breed on compensatory growth, abdominal fat and some production traits of broiler chicks. Arch. Geflugelkunde, 60: 153-159.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Saleh, E.A., S.E. Watkins, A.L. Waldroup and P.W. Waldroup, 2005. Effect of early quantitative feed restriction on live performance and carcass composition of male broilers grown for further processing. J. Applied Poult. Res., 14: 87-93.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Yu, M.W., F.E. Robinson, M.T. Clandinin and I. Bodnar, 1990. Growth and body composition of broiler chickens in response to different regimens of feed restriction. Poult. Sci., 69: 2074-2081.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Yu, M.W. and F.E. Robinson, 1992. The application of short-term feed restriction to broiler chicken production: A review. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 1: 147-153.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Zubair, A.K. and S. Leeson, 1994. Effect of early feed restriction and realimentation on Heat production and changes in sizes of digestive organs of male broilers. Poult. Sci., 73: 529-538.
Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved