Science Alert
International Journal of Dairy Science
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 2 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 217-225
DOI: 10.3923/ijds.2007.217.225
Evaluation of the Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Plant By-product’s Fermentation Characteristics to Asses Their Fodder Potential
R. Amarnath and V. Balakrishnan

Banana by-products viz., stem, pseudostem and leaves were evaluated in three sequential runs measured at 8, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h using Hoheneim gas production test on rumen fermentation pattern. The exponential equation of gas produced by Stem is Y = -6.68+56.71 (1-EXP(-0.0153 t-l)) Lag time: 8.2 h, RSD1.09, pseudostem is Y = -11.14+69.27 (1-EXP(-0.0209 t-l}) Lag time: 8.4 h, RSD1.86 and leaves is Y = -3.79+44.58 (1-EXP{-0.0259 t-l}) Lag time 3.4 h, RSD1.40. The acetate propionate ratio was observed to be relatively higher in leaves than stem and pseudostem. The apparent and true dry matter degradability of the stem was significantly (p<0.05) lower than pseudostem and leaves. Pseudostem and leaves were able to generate microbial production at significantly (p<0.05) higher level than stem at 24 and 36 h of incubation, while stem could support significantly (p<0.05) better than pseudostem and leaves later than 48 h of incubation. Inverse relationship existed between YATP and incubation period. Pseudostem had the lowest partition factor compared to stem and leaves. The values range from 2.24 to 4.99. The half time (T½) was 45.46 h for stem, 33.03 h for pseudostem and 26.8 h for leaves. The microbial biomass production, energetic efficiency of Volatile fatty acids and YATP was significantly (p<0.05) highest in leaves when compared to stem and pseudostem at T½ of c. Hence among by-products evaluated for their fodder potential to cattle, banana leaves rank first with low partition factor, high YATP and high microbial biomass followed by pseudostem and banana stem.
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25 February, 2020
Good Day I have come across your article and to understand better in laymans terms the use of Banana leaves and stems would be good for rumanats as long as it is only 30% of the its feed mix or am i not understanding the study correctly. I am currently bringing in cut banana trees and chopping it fine and mixing it with the grass and cereals that i sue to feed them to bring the cost of my feed down but we have only just started and any advise or help in this regard would be helpful. Also is it better to feed the cattle fresh leaves and stems or should we allow it to dry out first as it has high moisture content and we do not want it to rot away. Thank You

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