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Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 226-233
DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2013.226.233
Non-traditional Fodders from the Halophytic Vegetation of the Deltaic Mediterranean Coastal Desert, Egypt
Mahmoud A. Zahran and Yasser A. El-Amier

Abstract:
The Deltaic Mediterranean coastal desert extends for about 180 km from Abu Qir westward to Port Said. The soil of this coastal belt is generally salt-affected vegetated with different plant communities recognized into zones dominated mainly by halophytes e.g., Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, Halocnemum strobilaceum, Limbarda crithmoides, Aeluropus brevifolius, Sporobolus spicatus, Limoniastrum monopetalum, Zygophyllum aegyptium, Limonium pruinosum, Cressa cretica, Tamarix tetragyna and Bassia indica etc. However, in the sand dune habitat psammophytes predominate e.g., Elymus farctus, Lotus polyphyllos and Thymelaea hirsuta. In the non-saline soil of the most landward zone, non-salt tolerant species predominate e.g., Lygos raetam, Lycium europaeum etc. For the present paper six halophytes have been selected and chemically analysed to determine their nutritive values as fodder producing plants, these are: Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, Halocnemum strobilaceum, Limoniastrum monopetalum, Tamarix tetragyna, Cressa cretica and Bassia indica. The latest species is the only palatable plant, the other five species are not palatable but their vegetative yields may be considered as the main part of the raw materials for fodder production. The results, so far, are promising all studied plants are rich with their carbohydrates and protein contents. The establishment of Bassia indica in the salt affected land of the study area had been successively experimented.
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How to cite this article:

Mahmoud A. Zahran and Yasser A. El-Amier, 2013. Non-traditional Fodders from the Halophytic Vegetation of the Deltaic Mediterranean Coastal Desert, Egypt. Journal of Biological Sciences, 13: 226-233.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2013.226.233

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2013.226.233

 
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