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International Journal of Poultry Science
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 484-488
DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2007.484.488
 
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The Individual and Combined Effects of Fusaric Acid and T-2 Toxin in Broilers and Turkeys
S.O. Ogunbo, J.N. Broomhead, D.R. Ledoux, A.J. Bermudez and G.E. Rottinghaus

Abstract:
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the individual and combined effects of fusaric acid (FA) and T-2 toxin (T-2) in broiler chicks and turkey poults. In each experiment, 80 day-old birds were allotted randomly to a 2×2 factorial arrangement with treatments of 0 and 250 mg FA/kg feed and 0 and 4 mg T-2/kg feed. Diets were fed to 4 pen replicates of 5 birds each for 21 days. Feed intake and body weight gain of poults were reduced (p<.05) by the T-2 and the FA\T-2 combination diets. Poults fed T-2 and the FA\T-2 combination diets were also less efficient (p<.05) in converting feed to gain. There were no treatment effects (p>.05) on performance of broilers. Poults fed FA and the FA\T-2 combination diets had increased (p<.05) heart weights, whereas chicks fed FA and the FA\T-2 combination diets had increased (p<.05) kidney weights. Poults fed the combination FA\T-2 diet had higher (p<.05) serum AST values compared to all other treatments. Poults fed the T-2 and FA\T-2 combination diets had increased (p<0.05) serum Na but reduced (p<0.05) serum Mg. Uric acid concentrations were higher (p<0.05) in chicks fed the FA and FA\T-2 combination diets. Oral lesions were present in chicks (68%) and poults (100%) fed T-2 with or without FA. Data indicate no toxic synergy when FA and T-2 were fed simultaneously to broilers and turkeys at these dietary concentrations.
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How to cite this article:

S.O. Ogunbo, J.N. Broomhead, D.R. Ledoux, A.J. Bermudez and G.E. Rottinghaus, 2007. The Individual and Combined Effects of Fusaric Acid and T-2 Toxin in Broilers and Turkeys. International Journal of Poultry Science, 6: 484-488.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2007.484.488

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2007.484.488

 
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