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Asian Journal of Crop Science
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 130-140
DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2020.130.140
 
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Effects of Container Sizes and Nutrient Solution Concentrations on Growth and Yield of Chilli

Nurul Idayu Zakaria, Mohd Razi Ismail , Yahya Awang , Puteri Edaroyati Megat Wahab and Zulkarami Berahim

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Management of high substrate volume in soilless culture is crucial to avoid increases use of water and fertilizer, manpower, pollution problem and for optimal growth and yield of vegetable crops. This study was conducted to determine the effects of different container sizes combined with fertilizer concentration on chilli growth and yield attributes. Materials and Methods: This study was performed in a split plot design with 5 replications. Treatments comprised of 1.5 and 2.5 dS m1 fertilizer concentration subjected to 2805, 6831 and 10557 cm3 container size. Dry matter production was carried out at 30, 60, 90 and 120 days after transplanting, while yield attributes were obtained upon harvesting at 120 days. The effects due to the treatment combinations were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and mean comparison was done using Least Significant Different (LSD) at p<0.05. Results: Treatment of EC 1.5 dS m1 subjected to 2805 cm3 container showed a reduction of plant growth, root morphology and yield compared to the control treatment of EC 2.5 dS m1 in 6831 cm3 container, especially in photosynthesis rate and stomatal conductance. A similar yield over the control was found in the 10557 cm3 container. Therefore, 6831 cm3 container size with EC 2.5 dS m1 can be recommended for chilli production in soilless culture. Conclusion: The use of EC 2.5 dS m1 in 6831 cm3 container in soilless culture for chilli production is optimum and practical management practice.
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How to cite this article:

Nurul Idayu Zakaria, Mohd Razi Ismail, Yahya Awang, Puteri Edaroyati Megat Wahab and Zulkarami Berahim, 2020. Effects of Container Sizes and Nutrient Solution Concentrations on Growth and Yield of Chilli. Asian Journal of Crop Science, 12: 130-140.

DOI: 10.3923/ajcs.2020.130.140

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajcs.2020.130.140

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