Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Development of Poultry Production Clusters in China: A Policy Review

Libin Wang, Qiming Liu, Hong E. Zheng, Jin Wu and Xiaoyun Li
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The poultry sector is important for the livelihoods of rural people in China. Under increased public concerns on bio-security, how to integrate the small scale poultry producers into safe and high value production chains is a key political issue in many developing countries. In this context, China initiated a model of building poultry production clusters (PPCs) and moving small producers into the clusters so as to increase the scale of production as well as bio-security. It was considered an innovative model in China and the government issued various policies to promote this model since 2003. However, the model failed after a couple of years of practice. This paper reviews the social, economic and political elements of this endeavor and the impacts of PPCs in China. The main reason for the failure is that, without external authority, the small producers were fated into the dilemma of collection actions, which means that each individual will maximize individual interest with the expense of the public interest. The failure of PPCs supports the previous research results in that as income growth and urbanization increases consumer demand for food safety, the small producers could not meet those high food safety standards and the government has limited capacities to work with millions of small producers to encourage them to follow the same production standards. The political commitment to control transmissible disease outbreaks was given higher priority than the commitment to small producer development since it was difficult for the government to balance the two.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Libin Wang, Qiming Liu, Hong E. Zheng, Jin Wu and Xiaoyun Li, 2014. Development of Poultry Production Clusters in China: A Policy Review. International Journal of Poultry Science, 13: 292-298.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2014.292.298


1:  Delgado, C., M. Rosegrant, H. Steinfeld, S. Ehui and C. Courbois, 1999. Livestock to 2020: The next food revolution. Food Agriculture and the Environment Discussion Paper 28, IFPRI/FAO/ILRI, Washington, DC., USA., May 1999.

2:  Deng, R., 2003. Development of animal husbandry after China's accession to WTO. J. Beijing Agric. Coll., 18: 36-42.
Direct Link  |  

3:  Jiang, F., 2006. Analysis on the impacts of avian influenza on poultry sector and the countermeasures in China, Chinese. J. Anim. Sci., 42: 25-26.

4:  Kristjanson, P., N. Mango, A. Krishna, M. Radeny and N. Johnson, 2010. Understanding poverty dynamics in Kenya. J. Int. Dev., 22: 978-996.
CrossRef  |  

5:  Leng, A., S. Lv and Y. Shi, 2007. Fast development of standardized livestock production clusters. J. Rural Anim. Prod. Technol., 8: 13-14.

6:  Li., C., 2010. Challenges and response options in the development of livestock production clusters. Livest. Obs., 4: 16-18.

7:  Lin, R., 2001. Discussions on the management approaches of livestock meat export after entering into WTO. Livest. Poult. Ind., 136: 66-67.

8:  Lin, J.Y., 1997. Institutional reforms and dynamics of agricultural growth in China. Food Policy, 22: 201-212.

9:  Liu, X., 2002. Control of food safety and transmissible animal diseases after entering WTO. Chin. J. Vet. Med., 38: 3-4.

10:  McDermott, J.J., S.J. Staal, H.A. Freeman, M. Herrero and J.A. Van de Steeg, 2010. Sustaining intensification of smallholder livestock systems in the tropics. Livestock Sci., 130: 95-109.
CrossRef  |  

11:  Park, A., S. Wang and G. Wu, 2002. Regional poverty targeting in China. J. Public Econ., 86: 123-153.
Direct Link  |  

12:  Perry, B.D., T.F. Randolph, S. Ashley, R. Chimedza and A. Forman et al., 2003. The impact and poverty reduction implications of foot and mouth disease control in southern Africa, with special reference to Zimbabwe. Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, November 17-21, 2003, Vina del Mar, Chile -.

13:  Ren, Q., 2008. Challenges and response options in the development of Rhine goose production clusters. Livest. Ind. Diff. Areas, 11: 15-17.

14:  Staal, S.J., 2001. The competitiveness of smallholder dairy production: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America. Proceedings of the South-South Workshop on Smallholder Dairy Production and Marketing: Constraints and Opportunities, March 13-16, 2000, Anand, India -.

15:  Stur, W., T.T. Khanh and A. Duncan, 2013. Transformation of smallholder beef cattle production in Vietnam. Int. J. Agric. Sustainability, 11: 363-381.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

16:  Tarawali, S., M. Herrero, K. Descheemaeker, E. Grings and M. Blummel, 2011. Pathways for sustainable development of mixed crop livestock systems: Taking a livestock and pro-poor approach. Livest. Sci., 139: 11-21.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved