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Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 149-156
DOI: 10.3923/jest.2019.149.156
 
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Physico-chemical Limnology of Lakes in Kashmir Himalaya, India

Javaid Ahmad Shah , Ashok Kumar Pandit and Ghulam Mustafa Shah

Abstract:
Kashmir Himalayan lakes are of diverse types, majority of which are shallow in nature and are situated in the flood plain of river Jhelum. In the present review we scanned all the reliable literature for the lakes and wetlands of Kashmir Himalaya to document the historical review of these ecologically important systems. Till date no published review is available at global level, therefore, an attempt was made to have an insight of the previous work to trace the major changes in Kashmir lakes. It seems evident from the existing literature, that the years between 1970-1990 laid foundation stone for the limnological research in Kashmir Himalaya. The water quality of Kashmir Himalayan lakes is degrading at an accelerated speed due the un-checked pollution by the human interference causing cultural eutrophication particularly for the shallow lakes and wetlands. Internal nutrient loading appears to be the major cause of eutrophication particularly in the shallow wetlands of Kashmir. The major threat to Kashmir lakes is the excessive nitrogen influx in general and phosphorus in particular from the vast catchment area which is of agricultural type. Sound management practices should be adopted to save these ecologically important zones for further deterioration.
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How to cite this article:

Javaid Ahmad Shah, Ashok Kumar Pandit and Ghulam Mustafa Shah, 2019. Physico-chemical Limnology of Lakes in Kashmir Himalaya, India. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 12: 149-156.

DOI: 10.3923/jest.2019.149.156

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jest.2019.149.156

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