Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
International Journal of Poultry Science
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 14-20
DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2014.14.20
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Hematological Response of Chickens with Different Heat Shock Protein 70 Genotypes to Acute Heat Stress

M.H. Tamzil, R.R. Noor, P.S. Hardjosworo, W. Manalu and C. Sumantri

Abstract:
Hematological responses in chicken with different HSP 70 genotypes to acute heat stress were studied using 28 kampong chickens, 24 Arabic chickens and 4 commercial chickens. The experimental chickens were selected randomly from a group of chickens with HSP 70 genotypes identified and were exposed to ambient temperature (40°C) for 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 h. Results showed that erythrocyte, hematocrit and leukocyte in all chicken lines decreased in response to acute heat stress with the highest decrease in commercial chickens, followed by Arabic and kampong chickens. Regardless of acute heat stress exposure, there was no significant difference in erythrocyte, hemoglobin, leukocyte, heterophil, eosinophil, basophil, lymphocyte, monocyte and heterophil/lymphocyte ratio in all chicken lines studied. Arabic and commercial chickens had lower hematocrit as compared to kampong chickens. However, acute heat stress increased the percentage of heterophil, basophil, lymphocyte and heterophil/lymphocyte ratio without affecting eosinophil and monocyte. It was found that there was no interaction between lines of chicken and acute heat-stress exposure on the hematological parameters measured. The lowest percentage of lymphocytes was found in chickens with DD HSP 70 genotype while the highest was found in chickens with AD genotype. The results indicated that there was a relationship of heat resistance or tolerance to lymphocyte expression. Chickens that were the most tolerant to acute heat stress had the highest lymphocyte percentage (AD genotype) whereas those that were the least tolerant had the lowest lymphocyte percentage (DD genotype).
PDF References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Polymorphism of Qualitative Traits of Arabic Chicken: A Case Study in Polymorphism of Qualitative Traits of Arabic Chicken: A Case Study in Istiqomah Farmer Group, Dasan Cermen, Mataram, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
  •    Water Spraying Prior to Transportation Reduces Transportation Stress and Maintain the Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens
  •    Comparison of Fatness and Meat Quality of Kampung Chickens, Arabic Chickens and Laying Type Cockerels at Different Slaughtering Ages
  •    Reduced Expression of Heat Shock Protein (HSP) 70 Gene by Ascorbic Acid Supplementation in Broiler Chickens Exposed to Transportation Stress to Maintain the Quality of Meat and Hematological Parameters
  •    Effect of Chronic Heat Stress on Broiler Performance in Jordan
  •    Acute Heat Stress Responses of Three Lines of Chickens with Different Heat Shock Protein (HSP)-70 Genotypes
  •    Performance, Carcass Traits and Hematological Parameters of Heat-Stressed Broiler Chicks in Response to Dietary Levels of Chromium Picolinate
How to cite this article:

M.H. Tamzil, R.R. Noor, P.S. Hardjosworo, W. Manalu and C. Sumantri, 2014. Hematological Response of Chickens with Different Heat Shock Protein 70 Genotypes to Acute Heat Stress. International Journal of Poultry Science, 13: 14-20.

DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2014.14.20

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2014.14.20

COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom