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Asian Journal of Biotechnology
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 98-124
DOI: 10.3923/ajbkr.2011.98.124
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Microbial Laccases and their Applications: A Review

S.S. Desai and C. Nityanand

Laccases are an interesting group of multi copper enzymes, which are widely distributed in higher plants and fungi. In fungi, laccase is present in Ascomycetes, Deuteromycetes, Basidiomycetes and is particularly abundant in many white-rot fungi that degrade lignin. The ability of the laccases to act on wide range of substrates has made them very important in many of the biotechnological applications. They have wide temperature and pH activity range. Their large capacities to act on both phenolic and non-phenolic lignin related compounds as well as highly recalcitrant environmental pollutants helped researchers to put them in various biotechnological applications like detoxification and de-colorization of industrial effluents, waste water treatment. They can also be used effectively in paper and pulp industries, textile industries for various applications and they do stand as efficient tool for bioremediation. Hence laccases have received a greater attention of researchers around the globe. This study comprehensively reviews the appreciative work done on these microbial laccases.
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  •    Production, Purification and Application of Bacterial Laccase: A Review
  •    Isolation, Culture Optimization and Physico-chemical Characterization of Laccase Enzyme from Pleurotus fossulatus
  •    Development of a Simple Method for a New Immunoconjugate Utilizing Laccase
  •    Extracellular Laccase from Pleurotus ostreatus Strain EM-1: Thermal Stability and Response to Metal Ions
  •    Reduced Tannin Content of Laccase-treated Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) Pod Husk
  •    Biodegradation of Phenols by Ligninolytic Fungus Trametes versicolor
  •    Laccase Activity from Fresh Fruiting Bodies of Ganoderma sp. MK05: Purification and Remazol Brilliant Blue R Decolorization
How to cite this article:

S.S. Desai and C. Nityanand, 2011. Microbial Laccases and their Applications: A Review. Asian Journal of Biotechnology, 3: 98-124.

DOI: 10.3923/ajbkr.2011.98.124






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