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Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 10 | Page No.: 1001-1009
DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2011.1001.1009
 
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The Effect of Different Plant Diets on the Growth Performance, Gastric Evacuation Rate and Carcass Composition of Tilapia rendalli

S.N. Hlophe and N.A.G. Moyo

Abstract:
The culture of macrophagous fish that naturally feed on plant diets may be the solution to reduce the current dependence on fishmeal. Fishmeal is not only expensive but its supply is not always guaranteed. This study focuses on the growth performance, gastric evacuation rate, gastric transit time and carcass composition of Tilapia rendalli fed fresh plants, to determine the extent to which T. rendalli can utilise fresh plants. Kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum), cabbage (Brassica oleracea), duckweed (Lemna minor), vallisneria (Vallisneria aethiopica) and fishmeal pellets (control) were offered ad libitum to duplicate groups of T. rendalli for 224 days. Specific Grow Rate (SGR), Protein Efficiency Ratio (PER) and Food Conversion Ratio (FCR) were used to determine the growth performance. Fish fed kikuyu grass attained a significantly (p<0.05) higher SGR and a better FCR than those fed the other plant diets. Fish fed vallisneria lost weight. The serial slaughter method showed that vallisneria was evacuated significantly (p<0.05, ANCOVA) faster and was eaten in significantly (p<0.05) higher quantities than the other diets. Kikuyu grass was evacuated much more slowly and eaten in lesser amounts. The low energy content (14.74 MJ kg-1) of vallisneria may explain its faster evacuation and high consumption levels. Fish fed kikuyu grass had higher protein levels, higher omega-3 fatty acids (25.13%) and higher mineral content than those fed the other experimental diets. Fishmeal fed fish had the lowest content of the omega-3 fatty acids (2.52%). T. rendalli performed better when fed plant diets with higher protein and energy contents.
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How to cite this article:

S.N. Hlophe and N.A.G. Moyo, 2011. The Effect of Different Plant Diets on the Growth Performance, Gastric Evacuation Rate and Carcass Composition of Tilapia rendalli. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 6: 1001-1009.

DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2011.1001.1009

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajava.2011.1001.1009

COMMENTS
03 August, 2012
Tshepo Josephat Sebake:
Awesome...thats all I can say! No team can beat that of Prof. Moyo and Sam, two inteligent hardworking scientists is what this A-Team is made up of. Supported by Dr. J. Sara, Mr. J. Theron and Mr. G. Geldenhuys! This Paper is gonna open doors on Tilapia farming looking at its quality.
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