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Trends in Applied Sciences Research
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 113-118
DOI: 10.3923/tasr.2019.113.118
 
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Quantitative Phytochemical Analysis of Annona muricata and Artocarpus heterophyllus Leaves Using Gas Chromatography-flame Ionization Detector

C.L. Onuah , C.C. Chukwuma, R. Ohanador, C.N. Chukwu and J. Iruolagbe

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Phytochemicals are bioactive non-nutritive secondary metabolites found in different parts of plants. They have been effective in the treatment of diseases and infections. There has been an increase in the use of natural products due to their little or no side effects. Annona muricata (Soursop) and Artocarpus heterophyllus (Jackfruit) are tropical plants used in folk medicine in the treatment of different diseases and infection. Hence the quantitative phytochemical screening of the leaves of Annona muricata (Soursop) and Artocarpus heterophyllus (Jackfruit) were analyzed to ascertain the bioactive compounds present in them. Materials and Methods: The phytochemical content of the leaves of Annona muricata (Soursop) and Artocarpus heterophyllus (Jackfruit) were quantified using gas chromatography-flame ionization detector. Results: The result showed the presence of Sparteine, Anthocyanin, Sapogenin, Morphine, Phenol, Quinine, Ribalinidine, Ephedrine, Resveratrol, Catechin, Saponin, Oxalate and Quercertin in Annona muricata leaves while Artocarpus heterophyllus leaves contained Sparteine, Anthocyanin, Sapogenin, Morphine, Phenol, Glycitein, Quinine, Ribalinidine, Ephedrine, Resveratrol and Catechin at different concentrations. Conclusion: The quantitative phytochemical screening of the leaves of A. muricata and A. heterophyllus showed that both plants are rich in both alkaloids and flavonoids (phenolic compounds).
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How to cite this article:

C.L. Onuah, C.C. Chukwuma, R. Ohanador, C.N. Chukwu and J. Iruolagbe, 2019. Quantitative Phytochemical Analysis of Annona muricata and Artocarpus heterophyllus Leaves Using Gas Chromatography-flame Ionization Detector. Trends in Applied Sciences Research, 14: 113-118.

DOI: 10.3923/tasr.2019.113.118

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=tasr.2019.113.118

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