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Science International
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 51-64
DOI: 10.17311/sciintl.2018.51.64
Surface Morphological Changes Induced by Electroplating Industrial Effluent in the Intestine of Cyprinus carpio
Victor Jemima Florence Borgia, Antony Joseph Thatheyus and Arunachalam Ganesan Murugesan

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Effluents of electroplating industry containing heavy metals put forth a huge impact on aquatic organisms. Heavy metals are hazardous to many organisms even at low concentrations and can stimulate biochemical, histological and morphological changes in fish tissues which can impair fish quality. Hence, the present study aimed to analyze the surface morphological changes in the intestine of the freshwater fish, Cyprinus carpio (C. carpio) induced by different sublethal concentrations of electroplating industrial effluent. Materials and Methods: Healthy fish were exposed to the different sublethal concentrations (0.004, 0.007, 0.010 and 0.013%) of effluent from electroplating industry for 7, 14, 21 and 28 days. After each exposure period, fish were taken out, sacrificed and the intestine was subjected to scanning electron microscope. Results: There were significant ultrastructural changes in the intestine like degenerated epithelium, damaged microvilli, disarranged mucosal folds, damaged columnar epithelial cells and excess mucous secretion as evident from Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Conclusion: The C. carpio exposed to the sublethal concentrations of effluent from electroplating industry for 7, 14, 21 and 28 days exhibited surface morphological changes in the intestine which can be used in pollution monitoring.
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How to cite this article:

Victor Jemima Florence Borgia, Antony Joseph Thatheyus and Arunachalam Ganesan Murugesan, 2018. Surface Morphological Changes Induced by Electroplating Industrial Effluent in the Intestine of Cyprinus carpio. Science International, 6: 51-64.

DOI: 10.17311/sciintl.2018.51.64

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=sciintl.2018.51.64

 
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