Abstract: Heavy metals present in high concentrations in aquatic systems are posing serious problems to aquatic life. Among the heavy metals, chromium has been used in many industries and hence its removal from waste waters is significant. Biosorption is an economic and ecofriendly method employed in the removal of heavy metals. Use of microbes like bacteria, algae, yeasts and fungi as biosorbents for heavy metal removal has received interest because of high surface to volume ratio, availability, rapid kinetics of adsorption and desorption and low cost. The objective of the present study is to review the removal of chromium from aqueous solutions using materials of biological origin i.e., bacterial biomass. This review also discusses the significance of chromium removal from waste water and the potential of biosorbents and biosorption technology in the removal of chromium.