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Research Journal of Seed Science
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 1 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 11-18
DOI: 10.3923/rjss.2008.11.18
 
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Effect of Sowing Depths and Seed Size of Some Winter Cultivars of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) on Field Emergence and Vegetative Growth

Fathi Abdulkareem Omer Emenky and Ahmed Salih Khalaf

Abstract:
The research was accomplished at Agriculture College farms (Duhok) and Agricultural Research Center at Zakho area, during the winter growing season 2005-2006, to investigate the effect of sowing depths and seed sizes on seedlings emergence percentage and vegetative growth of some winter varieties of chickpea (Cicer aritenum L.) under rainfall conditions of Duhok Governorate, Iraqi Kurdistan Region. The factorial Split-Split plot within the Randomized Complete Block Design experiment with three replications was designed. The comparisons between the means were tested by least Significant Difference at probability level 5%. Results indicated that sowing depths have no significant effect on any of the traits at both locations. Medium seeds were superior in seedlings emergence percentage; large seeds manifested higher plant height, height of the lowest pod and number of primary branches at both locations; chickpea varieties dose not have significant effect on seedling emergence at both locations and on height of the lowest pod and primary branches at Duhok, while Ghab4 and Gahb5 produced highest plants at both locations. Ghab4 was superior in height of the lowest pod, but Ghab3 and Ghab4 were higher in number of primary branches at Zakho site. Variety Ghab3 at 12 cm sowing depth recorded highest seedling emergence percentage and lowest plant height at Duhok, while at Zakho, Ghab3 at both depths was inferior in plant height and at 6 cm depth in height of lowest pod, but it gave significantly highest number of primary branches. Large or medium seeds at both depths resulted higher values for studied traits. The interactions between all studied factors were also significant.
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How to cite this article:

Fathi Abdulkareem Omer Emenky and Ahmed Salih Khalaf, 2008. Effect of Sowing Depths and Seed Size of Some Winter Cultivars of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) on Field Emergence and Vegetative Growth. Research Journal of Seed Science, 1: 11-18.

DOI: 10.3923/rjss.2008.11.18

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjss.2008.11.18

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