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Research Journal of Phytochemistry
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 118-128
 
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Quantitative Profile of Fatty Acids and Tocopherols in Tamarind Seeds (Tamarindus indica L.) From Different States of Brazil

Danilo Santos Souza , Cristiano Augusto Ballus, Wellington da Silva Oliveira, Jose Teixeira Filho and Helena Teixeira Godoy

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Tamarind seeds are a by-product with great potential for industrial use. However, data on the composition of the seeds from Brazilian fruits are still scarce. In this sense, the aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of tocopherols and fatty acids of tamarind seeds from 3 states of Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Bahia). Methodology: Quantitative analysis by GC-FID-MS and HPLC-FL and principal component analysis (PCA) was performed in order to identify patterns among the samples. One-way Analysis of variance (ANOVA) with F test and Tukey test (p<0.05) were used to identify significant differences between the averages. Results: The seeds from Minas Gerais have the highest levels of α-tocopherol (25.5 mg kg–1dry solid) and γ-tocopherol (31.1 mg kg–1dry solid), while the lowest concentration was found in the seeds of the fruits from São Paulo (16.4 mg kg–1dry solid). Regarding fatty acids, linoleic and oleic acids had the highest concentrations in all samples, however, the samples from Bahia had higher concentrations of these compounds. Changes in the lipophilic profile have been observed through of the use of chemometric tools, such PCA. Conclusion: Tamarind seeds have been shown a source of polyunsaturated fatty acids and its use could be an alternative for the reduction of expenses with waste treatment.
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How to cite this article:

Danilo Santos Souza, Cristiano Augusto Ballus, Wellington da Silva Oliveira, Jose Teixeira Filho and Helena Teixeira Godoy, 2017. Quantitative Profile of Fatty Acids and Tocopherols in Tamarind Seeds (Tamarindus indica L.) From Different States of Brazil. Research Journal of Phytochemistry, 11: 118-128.

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjphyto.2017.118.128

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