Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
FOLLOW US:     Facebook     Twitter
Blue
   
Curve Top
Plant Pathology Journal
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 268-277
DOI: 10.3923/ppj.2014.268.277
Distribution and Occurrence of Mango Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloesporioides Penz and Sacc) in Humid Agro-ecology of Southwest Ethiopia
Ayantu Tucho, Fikre Lemessa and Gezahegn Berecha

Abstract:
Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is grown in different agro-ecologies of Ethiopia and its production and productivity is limited by several biotic and abiotic factors. Mango anthracnose, caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is considered as the most important mango disease in the country that contribute significantly to pre and post harvest fruit losses. However, the distribution and occurrence of mango anthracnose both in the field and at market in mango producing areas of southwestern Ethiopia is not yet documented. In this study, distribution and occurrence of mango anthracnose in three potential mango producing districts and one urban area in Jimma region, SW Ethiopia were assessed. At the same time knowledge and attitude of farmers against mango anthracnose was also assessed. The results showed that mango anthracnose was 100% prevalent in the study area. Anthracnose incidence and severity varied across farmer’s field and market places. The disease incidence under farmer’s fields ranged from 41-72.1% on leaf and from 36.2-74% on fruit. We found higher (95.3 vs. 82%) and lower (70.7 vs. 64%) incidence and severity in the market, respectively. The disease was more severe in the market place than in the farmer’s fields. It was confirmed that the identified fungus was C. gloeosporioides. So, for better understanding of the prevalence and distribution of this disease and to design appropriate management options, similar assessments across different mango growing agro-ecologies and along mango value chain is crucial.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Mango Anthracnose Disease: Present Status and Future Research Priorities
  •    Incidence and Severity of Sorghum Anthracnose in Ethiopia
How to cite this article:

Ayantu Tucho, Fikre Lemessa and Gezahegn Berecha, 2014. Distribution and Occurrence of Mango Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloesporioides Penz and Sacc) in Humid Agro-ecology of Southwest Ethiopia. Plant Pathology Journal, 13: 268-277.

DOI: 10.3923/ppj.2014.268.277

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ppj.2014.268.277

 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

       

       

Curve Bottom