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Plant Pathology Journal
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 68-73
DOI: 10.3923/ppj.2009.68.73
Physiological Race of Fusarium oxysporum F. sp. Lycopersici in Kurdistan Province of Iran and Reaction of Some Tomato Cultivars to Race 1 of Pathogen
J. Amini

Abstract:
In this research, eleven isolates of Fusarium oxysporum were collected from tomato plants displaying wilt symptoms in fields in Kurdistan province. Race 1 of pathogen was obtained from Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy in Russia. Pathogenicity of the collected isolates and race 1 of the pathogen were evaluated in glasshouse conditions. Pathogenicity tests and race determination were conducted using root-dip inoculation with different tomato cultivars, Beliy naliv-241 (not resistant), Blagovest (resistant to race 1) and Benito (resistant to both races of 1 and 2). The experimental design was a completely randomized type with six replications (pots) containing two seedlings per pot. Disease severity was measured five weeks following inoculation by using a scale of 0 to 4. The criteria used to assess the response of different cultivars were; leaf disease index, plant height and vascular discoloration index. Results showed that Beliy naliv-241 lacking any resistance gene wilted four weeks after inoculation, but cultivars Blagovest and Benito did not develop symptoms to any of the isolates tested. The reaction of race 1 and the Iranian isolates were similar in pathogenicity suggesting that all of the isolates belong to Fusarium f. sp. lycopersici race 1. Also, Reaction 23 tomato cultivars against to F. o. f. sp. lycopersici indicated that 6 of the them were resistant, 5 were intermediately resistant, 6 were tolerant, 3 were susceptible and the rest 3 were found to be very susceptible.
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How to cite this article:

J. Amini , 2009. Physiological Race of Fusarium oxysporum F. sp. Lycopersici in Kurdistan Province of Iran and Reaction of Some Tomato Cultivars to Race 1 of Pathogen. Plant Pathology Journal, 8: 68-73.

DOI: 10.3923/ppj.2009.68.73

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ppj.2009.68.73

 
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