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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2021 | Volume: 24 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 151-157
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2021.151.157
 
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Sphenostylis stenocarpa Seed Extract Attenuates Dyslipidemia in Testosterone Propionate-induced Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Rats

Patience N. Ogbu , Lawrence U.S. Ezeanyika, Victor N. eji Ogugua, Ikechukwu M. Ogbu , Chinyere Aloke and Gertrude N. Ony

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a prevalent disease among older men caused by abnormal proliferation of the prostatic cells. Findings indicate an association between dyslipidemia and BPH. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of ethanol extract of Sphenostylis stenocarpa seed on the lipid profile of rats with testosterone propionate-induced BPH. Materials and Methods: A total of 25 male Wistar rats randomized into five groups of five rats each were used. BPH was induced in the rats by subcutaneous injection of testosterone propionate in olive oil for 28 days. The test rats (after BPH induction) were treated with ethanol extract of the plant seed at doses of 200 and 400 mg kg1 b.wt. The concentrations of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triacylglycerol were evaluated on the sera of the rats. Results: The BPH control rats (model group) showed a significant (p<0.05) increase in concentrations of total cholesterol, LDL-C, triacylglycerol, with a significant decrease in HDL-C compared to the normal control. Oral administration of the seed extract to the rats significantly reversed these dyslipidemia indicators when compared to the model group. Conclusion: This study has shown that ethanol extract of S. stenocarpa seed ameliorated dyslipidemia in testosterone propionate-induced BPH in rats. This suggests that the plant seed may be useful in the prevention of cardiovascular disease.
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How to cite this article:

Patience N. Ogbu, Lawrence U.S. Ezeanyika, Victor N. eji Ogugua, Ikechukwu M. Ogbu, Chinyere Aloke and Gertrude N. Ony, 2021. Sphenostylis stenocarpa Seed Extract Attenuates Dyslipidemia in Testosterone Propionate-induced Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Rats. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 24: 151-157.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2021.151.157

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2021.151.157

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