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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 275-280
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.275.280
Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern in Nosocomial Infections Caused by Acinetobacter Species in Asir Region, Saudi Arabia
Nazar M Abdalla, Amani A Osman, Waleed O Haimour, Mohammed AA Sarhan, Mohammed N Mohammed, Eyhab M Zyad and Abdalla M Al-ghtani

Abstract:
This study aimed at evaluating the sensitivity of antibiotics towards nosocomial infections caused by Acinetobacter species. The study took place during the period Dec. 2011- Dec. 2012 at Assir Central Hospital in collaboration with the department of microbiology, college of medicine, King Khalid University, Abha. A prospective study involving 150 patients presented with nosocomial infections due to Acinetobacter species detected by bacteriological tests; direct microscopy, culture in blood agar media, fermentation test in MacConkey media and MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) for antibiotics sensitivity using Muller Hinton media and Chemical test using API 20. A 150 nosocomial infections in this study showed gram-negative coccobacilli, non motile, glucose-negative fermentor and oxidase negative. All isolates showed 100% sensitivity to: Imipramine, Meropenem, Colistin. From the rest of tested antibiotics the higher resistant ones were; Nitrofurantoin 87% and Cefoxitin 85%. The least resistant antibiotics; Imipenem 3% and Ticarcillin 7%. While variable resistance in the rest of tested antimicrobials. A 47 patients (31.3%) have used antibiotics prior to this study. The high rate of usage occurred in elder patients. The frequency of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus baumannii complex multi-drugs resistance ABCMDR is rising including almost all commonly used antibiotics. Only few antibiotics exert 100% sensitivity towards these bacteria.
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How to cite this article:

Nazar M Abdalla, Amani A Osman, Waleed O Haimour, Mohammed AA Sarhan, Mohammed N Mohammed, Eyhab M Zyad and Abdalla M Al-ghtani, 2013. Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern in Nosocomial Infections Caused by Acinetobacter Species in Asir Region, Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 275-280.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.275.280

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2013.275.280

 
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