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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 16 | Issue: 24 | Page No.: 1936-1942
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1936.1942
 
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Effect of Left Atrium Volume on Patients’ Prognosis Following Acute Myocardial Infarction

Rezvanie Salehi, Jahanbakhsh Samadikhah, Rasul Azarfarin and Mohamad Goldust

Abstract:
Evaluating left atrium volume is a good way to estimate prognosis in acute myocardial infarction patients because it indicates to time and severity of diastolic dysfunction and longer-term results of acute myocardial infarction. The present study aims at evaluating the effect of left atrium volume on patients’ prognosis following acute myocardial infarction. This is a cohort study conducted on 100 patients who were admitted with acute myocardial infarction. They were studied for 9 months and their one-month mortality rate was evaluated. The patients were studied considering demographic factors, risk factors, mechanical and arrhythmic complications and echocardiography indexes such as systolic and diastolic functions and left atrium volume. It was seen that mortality (27.3%, 6.22) in patients with atrium index>32 mL m-2 is more than cases with lower atrium index (1.3%, 1.78) (p = 0.001). There was not any meaningful difference in mortality rate of the patients considering age and gender (p>0.05). This study indicated to lack of any meaningful difference in patients’ mortality rate in terms of hypertension, diabetes, smoking and dyslipidemia. But, mortality rate was significantly higher in MI as a result of elevated-ST, diastolic dysfunction, restrictive pattern, ejection fraction of left atrium<40%, left atrium volume index>32 mL m-2. High volume left atrium independently refers to bad prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction which is confirmed with outcome clinical predictors and common echocardiography indexes even following modification.
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How to cite this article:

Rezvanie Salehi, Jahanbakhsh Samadikhah, Rasul Azarfarin and Mohamad Goldust, 2013. Effect of Left Atrium Volume on Patients’ Prognosis Following Acute Myocardial Infarction. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 16: 1936-1942.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2013.1936.1942

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2013.1936.1942

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