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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 11 | Page No.: 527-536
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2010.527.536
Somatosensory Evoked Potential for Detection of Subclinical Neuropathy in Egyptian Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia
A.A.G. Tantawy, S.M. Hassanein, A.A.M. Adly, O.M. Saeed, Y.W. Darwish and A.A.N.A. El Aziz

Abstract:
To evaluate neurological changes developing during paediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL) therapy clinically and through electrophysiological Study of Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (SSEPs) changes in different phases of therapy. Thirty five-ALL patients with age range from 3-14 years were included compared to 30 healthy controls. History, neurological examination, complete blood counts, cytological examination of bone marrow aspirate and cerebrospinal fluid with Measurement of Serum Methotrexate (MTX) were done. The SSEPs were performed and patients subjected to another SSEP with measurement of serum MTX level before and 10 days after intra-thecal injection (IMTX). Clinical neurological findings in patients after induction were depressed deep tendon reflexes (43.3%), hypotonia (28.6%), lost pain sensation (28.6%), muscle weakness (17.1%) and movement disorders (17.1%). Percentage of delayed SSEPs after induction were at levels of brachial plexus (28.6%), spinal cord (68.6%), cortical conduction (31.4%), ERB-N13 Inter Peak Latency (IPL) (74.3%) and N13-N20 IPL (17.1%) in the studied patients. Significant prolonged latency of N13 (p = 0.005), N20 (p = 0.04) and IPL of ERB-N 13 (p = 0.005), N13-N20 (p = 0.01), Inter-Side Difference (ISD) of N13 (p = 0.01), ERB-N13 (p = 0.02) and N13-N20 (p = 0.03) after induction compared to values at diagnosis. Significant positive correlation were found between serum MTX after IMTX with N13-N20 IPL (p = 0.01), N20 ISD (p = 0.03) with significant prolongation in N20 latency, N13-N20 IPL and ISD of N20 compared to values before injection. ALL patients have prolonged latency of SSEPs at cervical cord and cortical levels which increased after IMTX due to axonal injury throughout the cord. SSEPs could be an early diagnostic tool for subclinical neuropathy.
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How to cite this article:

A.A.G. Tantawy, S.M. Hassanein, A.A.M. Adly, O.M. Saeed, Y.W. Darwish and A.A.N.A. El Aziz, 2010. Somatosensory Evoked Potential for Detection of Subclinical Neuropathy in Egyptian Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 13: 527-536.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2010.527.536

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2010.527.536

 
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