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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 22 | Page No.: 2594-2598
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.2594.2598
 
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Outcomes of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with a History of Opiate Use

Nasser Safaei

Abstract:
This study aimed at evaluating the outcome of CABG in patients with a history of opiate use. Two hundred male patients, underwent CABG surgery, were evaluated and followed up for 6 months. The patients classified as Group P (with Previous history of opiate use) and Group N (with No history of opiate use). The characteristics and 6-month outcomes were compared between the two groups. Patients in group P further categorized into two subgroups of active and non-active abusers. Two hundred male-patients enrolled in the study, 23 (11.5%) patients had a history of opiate abuse. Nine (4.5%) patients were past users and 14 (7%) cases were current users. There were no significant differences regarding the age, history of hypertension, smoking, ejection fraction before and 6 months after CABG, duration of hospital stay, complications of surgery and function class (p<0.05). The level of patients obeys from physician’s medical, nutritional and activity recommendations after CABG was significantly lower for current opiate users. Also, the need for readmission after CABG due to cardiac complications was independently higher in current opiate users. Carrying out the educational programs to correct the misconception about the beneficial effects of illicit drugs on cardio-vascular disease makes sense.
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How to cite this article:

Nasser Safaei , 2008. Outcomes of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with a History of Opiate Use. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 2594-2598.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.2594.2598

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2008.2594.2598

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