Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
Curve Top
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 22 | Page No.: 4180-4182
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.4180.4182
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Determination of Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio and Heavy Metals in Bulking Agents Used for Sewage Composting

H. Alidadi, A.A. Najafpoor and A. Parvaresh

Improving the soil quality with organic matter and N, P and K contents are some of sewage sludge benefits. Adjusting carbonaceous materials such as plant wastes to dewatered sludge compost results in increasing the moisture content and improving C/N ratio. This study was conduced for three months in 2005, in Laboratory of Chemistry of Water and Wastewater in the School of Public Health of Isfahan University of Medical Science, to determine the C/N ratio and heavy metals concentration of bulking agents in sawdust, leaves, rice hulls and dewatered sewage sludge. Dewatered sludge was collected from Isfahan sewage treatment plant. Sawdust was collected from sawmills. Leaves were collected from municipality of Isfahan and rice hull from rice mills, then in samples determined C/N ratio and heavy metal according to standard methods. The results showed that concentrations of chromium and cadmium in the mixture of dewatered sewage sludge and bulking agents were lower them those of the standard level. Means of cobalt (115.44 mg kg‾1), nickel (57.44 mg kg‾1) and zinc (273.48 mg kg‾1) concentrations were maximum in dewatered sludge but mean concentration of cobalt (25.66 mg kg‾1) in rice hull samples and mean zinc (8.99 mg kg‾1) and nickel (5.106 mg kg‾1) concentrations in sawdust samples were minimum. The optimal conditions sewage sludge composting, each kilogram of sludge needs 350 g of saw dust, 470 g of leaves and 388 g of rice hull. Amount of heavy metals present in the bulking agents is lower than the amount mentioned for the compost.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

H. Alidadi, A.A. Najafpoor and A. Parvaresh , 2007. Determination of Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio and Heavy Metals in Bulking Agents Used for Sewage Composting. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 4180-4182.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.4180.4182






Curve Bottom