The use of chemical pesticides against storage pests by farmers in developing countries like Bangladesh is inadequately docummented. The holistic view of pest control technology is required to evaluate its impact on net social welfare, the simultaneous determination of optimal storage operations, consumption and production over time and optimal pest management. To make these variables operational the collaboration of biologists (especially pest management expert), economists, systems analysts, extension workers and social scientists are very much to be solicited. It is apparent that our basic understanding of bruchid pests is still far from being adequate. Therefore, intensive studies of their, biology, ecology and effects on foodstuffs are needed to be vigorously persued. Chemical pesticides are expected to play a major role in pest management programmes. However, the development of alternative pest management strategies involving non-chemical methods should vigorously pursued. There is no single answer to pest problems. The development of an integrated pest management system incorporating the principles, methods and techniques advanced by various disciplines into a coherent and comprehensive programme seems to be the answer.