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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 396-400
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2013.396.400
 
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Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Males and Females in Arba Minch Town of South Ethiopia

Abdul Qayyum Khan, Aman Wako, Belaynesh Ayalew, Medhanit Tefera and Yeworkwuha Tadesse

Abstract:
Prevalence of tuberculosis disease in males and females was studied in Arba Minch town of South Ethiopia from the records of Arba Minch hospital for four years from 2006 to 2009. The patients were classified as TB suspected and TB positive cases which were divided into ten yearly different age groups. In infant group up to 10 years, the TB suspected cases were 9 to 10% and positive TB patients were 2 to 6% in both males and females. The percentages of TB positive and suspected patients were high in both males and females in age group of 11-20 years ranging from 20 to 27% which increased to the maximum of 33 to 37% in age group of 21-30 years and decreased thereafter, ranging between 10 to 20% in age group of 31-40 years. In subsequent age groups of 41-50 and 51-60 years the number and percentages of patients decelerated from 7% in age group of 41-50 years followed by elderly age groups of 61-70, 71-80 and 81-90 years. The total number of suspected and the positive patients during four years were: 1141 and 299 in males, and 740 and 175 in females. The percentages of positive TB patients out of the suspected ones over the years were: 26.20 in males and 23.64 in females. Of the total positive patients over four years, however, 67.29% were males and 32.71% females. Thus the number and percentages of the TB patients were higher in males than the females. The results indicated that the TB disease was more prevalent in males than the females in and around Arba Minch town of south Ethiopia. The reasons for males being more affected with TB than females were not known. The greater mobility of males could possibly lead to getting higher infection by coming into contact with the TB patients and or the males were more prone to infection of this disease. However, it needs to be investigated for finding the reasons for more prevalence of TB in males than females.
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How to cite this article:

Abdul Qayyum Khan, Aman Wako, Belaynesh Ayalew, Medhanit Tefera and Yeworkwuha Tadesse, 2013. Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Males and Females in Arba Minch Town of South Ethiopia. Journal of Medical Sciences, 13: 396-400.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2013.396.400

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2013.396.400

COMMENTS
13 February, 2014
TESFAYE DUFERA:
THIS RESARCH VERY TRUE FOR FUTURE CONTINUE TO AWARE THE SOCIETY THEIR SYMPOTY
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