Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 897-900
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2007.897.900
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

High Prevalence of Co-infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) and Onchocerciasis in Cameroon

G.A. Alemnji, J. Mbuagbaw , K.E. Toukam , L. Ayong , E. Wembe and T. Asonganyi

Abstract:
Both Onchocerciasis (river blindness) and HIV/AIDS are now significant public health problems in many countries of Africa. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of co-infection of Onchocerciasis and HIV as well as to assess and compare the levels of humoral antibodies among subjects in Cameroon. This was a community-based study in Balamba, an Onchocerciasis endemic region in Cameroon. Both skin snip and blood samples were collected from all consented inhabitants for diagnosis of Onchocerciasis, HIV as well as estimate serum antibody levels. Of a total of 162 subjects recruited, 54 were diagnosed positive for Onchocerciasis by skin snip, giving a prevalence of 33.3% (54/162). Also, the prevalence of HIV among these subjects was 12.9% (21/162). This infection was 17.8% among women (13/73) and 8.9% among men (8/89). Six of the 54 subjects positive for Onchocerciasis were also positive for HIV giving a prevalence of co-infection of 11.1% (6/54). Mean serum antibody levels of Onch+ve/HIV+ve, Onch+ve/HIV-ve and Onch-ve/HIV+ve subjects, were significantly higher (p<0.001, Student’s t-test) when compared to that of Onch-ve/HIV-ve subjects. The present study demonstrates a high prevalence of co-infection of Onchocerciasis and HIV. It further shows significantly high antibody levels, reflecting raised humoral immune responses with co-infected subjects showing the highest response. Hence the integration of HIV/AIDS care and prevention activities into currently ongoing treatment program for Onchocerciasis will save time and scarce resources in Africa with tremendous public health impact.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

G.A. Alemnji, J. Mbuagbaw , K.E. Toukam , L. Ayong , E. Wembe and T. Asonganyi , 2007. High Prevalence of Co-infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) and Onchocerciasis in Cameroon. Journal of Medical Sciences, 7: 897-900.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2007.897.900

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2007.897.900

COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom