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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2006 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 654-657
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2006.654.657
What a High Prevalence of Autoimmune Thyroiditis and Thyroidectomy in Women
M.R. Helvaci , F. Ozcura , A. Ozkan and H. Dayioglu

Abstract:
Thyroidal disorders are found among the most common causes of patients’ visits to internal medicine polyclinics. Most of them are probably related with autoimmune thyroiditis (AT) and/or multinodular goiter (MNG) because micro-nodulation is a common feature of AT. We have taken 430 consecutive patients applying for check up procedure to detect prevalences of thyroidal disorder and operations. Student t-test has been used as the method of statistical analysis. Thirteen cases had been operated for MNG, one of female operated twice, one for papillary carcinoma of thyroid and one for Graves’ disease. So operation rates for MNG have been 5.26 (12/228) and 0.9% (2/202) among female and males, respectively. When we compared these rates with the chance of having a thyroid cancer for either sex, the difference in women has been found as statistically significant (p<0.01), whereas not in men (p>0.05). Additionally 40 cases with abnormal thyroid function tests have been detected. Thirty three of them have been diagnosed as AT (82%) and 85% of the AT cases have been female. As a conclusion, AT and MNG operations have high prevalences in women and most of the MNG are probably related with AT. Whereas thyroid cancer is a rare event and it accounts for rather few deaths. Thus thyroid nodules should be evaluated by experienced physicians on gland. By this way, high prevalence of MNG operations and their costs and complications can be reduced in women.
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How to cite this article:

M.R. Helvaci , F. Ozcura , A. Ozkan and H. Dayioglu , 2006. What a High Prevalence of Autoimmune Thyroiditis and Thyroidectomy in Women. Journal of Medical Sciences, 6: 654-657.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2006.654.657

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2006.654.657

 
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