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Research Journal of Microbiology
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 2 | Issue: 12 | Page No.: 966-971
DOI: 10.3923/jm.2007.966.971
 
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Bacteriuria in Primary Health Care Units in Makurdi Metropolis, Middle-Belt, Nigeria

E.U. Umeh, T.A. Olusi and C.U. Aguoru

Abstract:
To investigate the rate of significant bacteriuria among patients attending primary health care clinics within Makurdi metropolis, aseptically collected early morning midstream urine from individuals seeking medical attention, were bacteriologically examined. Out of the 500 specimens collected, 70.8% had significant bacteriuria. The bacterial isolates were Staphylococcus aureus (42.4%), miscellaneous coliforms (27.1%), Escherichia coli (21.5%), Strept coccus pyogenes (6.8%), Klebsiella aerogenes (1.1%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (0.6%) and Salmonella sp. (0.6%). Bacteriuria was significantly correlated with sex of subjects (r500 = 0.356; p = 0.000) and was approximately 5 times as high in women as in men (odds ratio = 5.0; 95% confidence interval). The attributable risk was 30.15%. Gram-positive bacteria predominated in the males and were responsible for 60% of bacteriuria in males. In females, the Gram-negatives accounted for 66.7% of the bacteria isolated. Antibiotic susceptibility testing of Staphylococcus aureus and the coliform bacteria to commonly used antimicrobial drugs showed high rates of resistance. The results of this study could be a useful guide in diagnosis of urinary tract infections and in planning control and therapeutic strategies.
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How to cite this article:

E.U. Umeh, T.A. Olusi and C.U. Aguoru, 2007. Bacteriuria in Primary Health Care Units in Makurdi Metropolis, Middle-Belt, Nigeria. Research Journal of Microbiology, 2: 966-971.

DOI: 10.3923/jm.2007.966.971

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jm.2007.966.971

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