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Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 90-106
DOI: 10.3923/jest.2014.90.106
Quality Level of Bottled Drinking Water Consumed in Saudi Arabia
Ashraf E.M. Khater, Asma Al-Jaloud and A. El-Taher

Abstract:
The quality of drinking water is a universal health concern and access to safe water is a fundamental human right. Many national and international organizations set certain parameters and levels for Bottled Drinking Water (BDW) to ensure their quality. The present work aims to analyze the quality of various brands of BDW used in Saudi Arabia and to compare the quality levels to the BDW standards. One hundred and twenty six samples of 54 different BDW brands were collected from the Saudi market. The quality level parameters were analyzed using portable meters for pH, EC and TDS; spectrophotometer, HACH DR-2800 for F, SO4 and NO3; Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) Mass Spectrometer (MS) and atomic emission spectrometer (AES) for elemental analysis. To evaluate the quality level parameters of BDW, the parameters were classified as following: (1) Parameters and substances affect the quality of BDW (pH, EC, TDS, HCO3, F, NO3 and SO4). (2) Macronutrients (Ca, K, Mg and Na). (3) Micronutrients-trace elements (Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mo, Se and Zn), (4) Potentially essential elements that have some beneficial health effects (B, Mn, Ni and V) and (5) Toxic elements (Al, As, Cd, Hg, Pb, Th and U) using Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, ICP-MS. The concentrations of the detected elements were compared with the Golf and international standard like World Health Organization.
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How to cite this article:

Ashraf E.M. Khater, Asma Al-Jaloud and A. El-Taher, 2014. Quality Level of Bottled Drinking Water Consumed in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 7: 90-106.

DOI: 10.3923/jest.2014.90.106

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jest.2014.90.106

 
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