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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 19 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 355-359
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2019.355.359
 
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Perception of Hospital Pharmacists on their Current Professional Role in Urban Health Care System in India: A Cross Sectional Study

Bandaru Yeswanth Raja, Kolli Sowjanya, Manithottiyle Angelo Simon and T.M. Vijayakumar

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Hospital pharmacists are the most voluntarily convenient health professionals within their communities. Pharmaceutical care is the provision of drug therapy for the purpose of achieving definite outcomes to improve the patient’s quality of life. Pharmacists play a key role in providing quality health care to patients and use their clinical skill together with practical knowledge to ensure the safe supply and use of medicines by patients and members of public. The practice of pharmaceutical care should be new and updated. Therefore, a cross sectional study was carried out using a self-administered questionnaire on hospital pharmacists regarding their professional, pharmacy store maintenance, communication skills, prescription auditing services, patient education and awareness programs etc. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among the hospital pharmacists working in two urban cities in south India. A sample of 409 hospital pharmacists was selected from urbanised hospitals in these two cities. Data was analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2007. Results: A total number of 106 hospital pharmacies were visited of which 409 hospital pharmacists have responded to the questionnaire. Most of the hospital pharmacists were qualified with a D.Pharm (75%), B.Pharm (22%) and M.Pharm degree (3%). Around 92.2% of the hospital Pharmacists constantly updated their knowledge whereas only 53% wore white coat during work. Regarding pharmacy store maintenance, almost every pharmacist was following the rules and regulations of state pharmacy council except 72.5% were found not following proper storage restrictions for narcotics. Most of the pharmacists counselled patients on medication use, provided customer care services and did not dispense OTC medications frequently while only 55% of them conducted awareness programmes in their hospitals. Almost all the pharmacists handled the prescription correctly with regard to checking date, record maintenance and verifying signature of prescriber. In terms of interaction with other health care professionals, pharmacists maintained good relationship, reported the medication errors and explained the rational use of drugs. With regards to attitude, 72.5% pharmacists agreed that pharmaceutical services are important for selection and safe and effective use of medicines. Conclusion: In this survey hospital pharmacists lacked to meet their professional requirements. Pharmacists should also be consistent in upgrading their knowledge regarding pharmacy, drugs and diseases.
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How to cite this article:

Bandaru Yeswanth Raja, Kolli Sowjanya, Manithottiyle Angelo Simon and T.M. Vijayakumar, 2019. Perception of Hospital Pharmacists on their Current Professional Role in Urban Health Care System in India: A Cross Sectional Study. Journal of Applied Sciences, 19: 355-359.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2019.355.359

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2019.355.359

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