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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 18 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 122-128
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2018.122.128
 
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Family Socioeconomic Status and Social-emotional Development among Young Children in Malaysia

Suziyani Mohamed and Hasnah Toran

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The impact of family socioeconomic status on children social-emotional development often debated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of family socioeconomic status on the children social-emotional development. Materials and Methods: Three constructs of socioeconomic status of the families were analyzed in this research, parent’s level of education, parent’s occupation and parent’s monthly income. About 237 children age 42-54 months have been involved in the study. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics and non-parametric analysis of Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: The analysis found that there is a significant difference between the level of social-emotional development of children with parents’ education level, parents’ income and parents’ occupation. However, the analysis of the level of social-emotional development of children with father’s occupation found no significant differences. Analysis of the effect size of the Epsilon-Squared found that a strong relationship between the level of social-emotional development of children with mother’s education level, mother’s occupation and father's income, an average relationship to the father’s education level and poor relationship to the father’s occupation. Conclusion: The study altogether found that socioeconomic status of families play an important role in influencing the social-emotional development of children. The organizations involved in the early childhood education should take the proactive endeavor so that children with the low socioeconomic status to be given better service to foster their social-emotional development.
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How to cite this article:

Suziyani Mohamed and Hasnah Toran, 2018. Family Socioeconomic Status and Social-emotional Development among Young Children in Malaysia. Journal of Applied Sciences, 18: 122-128.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2018.122.128

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2018.122.128

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