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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 9 | Page No.: 882-887
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.882.887
 
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Evaluation of Fluoride Contamination in Groundwater Sources in Palamu District, Jharkhand, India

A.C. Pandey, Shashank Shekhar and M.S. Nathawat

Abstract:
This study provides an overview of the fluoride (F) content in drinking water sources and the extent of human exposure to different levels of fluoride contamination in the four blocks of Palamu district. Groundwater is the main source of drinking water for the area residents. The permissibility and concentration of fluoride in groundwater samples from different sites in Chainpur, Daltonganj, Bishrampur and Pandu blocks of the Palamu district, Jharkhand, was determined by field kit and laboratory test, respectively. Samples with non permissible concentration of fluoride on an average indicate higher proportion in Daltonganj, Pandu and Chainpur blocks as compared to Bishrampur block. A significantly higher concentration 4.2 mg L-1 was found in Daltonganj block i.e. in the depth range of 0-50 feet. Looking into the total samples (2864) the percentage distributions of non permissible samples indicate that the depth range of 100-150 feet is highly vulnerable to fluoride occurrence. Maximum fluoride concentration and average concentration were highest in samples from hand pumps which are generally pumping from shallow aquifers.
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How to cite this article:

A.C. Pandey, Shashank Shekhar and M.S. Nathawat , 2012. Evaluation of Fluoride Contamination in Groundwater Sources in Palamu District, Jharkhand, India. Journal of Applied Sciences, 12: 882-887.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.882.887

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2012.882.887

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