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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 561-567
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.561.567
 
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Mechanical and Dimensional Stability Properties of Medium-Density Fibreboard Produced from Treated Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch
M.A. Norul Izani, M.T. Paridah, A.A. Astimar, M.Y. Mohd Nor and U.M.K. Anwar

Abstract:
Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) are readily available residues from palm oil industry and have tremendous potential to be used as fibre raw material for Medium-density Fibreboard (MDF) manufacture. However, some of the properties of the MDF produced from EFB have been reported to be relatively inferior to those made from rubberwood, presumably due to presence of residual oil in the fibres. In this study, the effects of EFB fibre treatment (soaking in 2% NaOH, boiling in water, both soaking and boiling) on the properties of MDF were investigated. The MDF was manufactured using urea formaldehyde (UF) as a binder and bonded at three resin levels: 8, 10 and 12%. The boards were tested according to MS Standards 1787: 2005. The results revealed that the refined EFB fibres were short and relatively hard. It was also observed that these fibres tend to conglomerate and formed a small loosely wrapped fibre lumps. Among the treatments used, boiling in water was able to significantly improve the dimensional stability of the board. Apparently high resin content (at least 12%) was required to bond EFB fibres and produce boards of high mechanical properties and great dimensional stability.
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How to cite this article:

M.A. Norul Izani, M.T. Paridah, A.A. Astimar, M.Y. Mohd Nor and U.M.K. Anwar, 2012. Mechanical and Dimensional Stability Properties of Medium-Density Fibreboard Produced from Treated Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch. Journal of Applied Sciences, 12: 561-567.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.561.567

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2012.561.567

 
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