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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 21 | Page No.: 2202-2214
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.2202.2214
 
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Historical Changes in the Land Use Regulation Policy System in Beijing Since 1949

Zhang Jiashu

Abstract:
Since 1949, the Beijing government has launched land use regulation policies to balance pressures for releasing farmland for urban development against the requirement for farmland protection. During 60 years of development, these policies have yielded positive impacts as well as negative socioeconomics consequences. The aim of this study is to examine these impacts by studying the history of these policies. Therefore, this study used a Driving Force-State-Response (DSR) model and institutional change theory to divide the change process of land use regulation policy system from 1949-2009. Moreover, the determinant factor that policy system evolves from one phase to the next was analyzed and the current policy system was evaluated. The historical changes in the land use regulation policy system of Beijing can be divided into three phases. It evolved from one phase to the next because the government balanced the importance of promoting urbanization with farmland protection and made the strategic decision to change the policy system in a direction of increasing emphasis on farmland protection. From Phase 1 to 3, two major advances were gained. At first, the concept of land use planning was gradually added to the planning system. Secondly, a series of specialized farmland protection policies were formulated and became more detailed and complete. Nevertheless, Phase 4 is likely to be triggered in the near future, because the Farmland Requisition-compensation balance policy needs to be improved. In addition, ambiguous provisions in urban master plans and land use master plans need to be clarified.
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How to cite this article:

Zhang Jiashu , 2012. Historical Changes in the Land Use Regulation Policy System in Beijing Since 1949. Journal of Applied Sciences, 12: 2202-2214.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.2202.2214

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2012.2202.2214

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