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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 13 | Page No.: 2416-2420
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2011.2416.2420
 
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Gasification of Empty Fruit Bunch for Hydrogen Rich Fuel Gas Production

M.A.A. Mohammed, A. Salmiaton, W.A.K.G. Wan Azlina and M.S. Mohamad Amran

Abstract:
A study on gasification of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB), a waste of the palm oil industry is investigated. The composition and particle size distribution of feedstock are determined and the thermal degradation behaviour is analysed by a thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Then 300 g h-1 fluidized bed bench scale gasification unit is used to investigate the effect of the operating parameters on biomass gasification namely reactor temperature in the range of 700-1000°C and feedstock particle size in the range of 0.3-1.0 mm. The main gas species generated, as identified by a Gas Chromatography (GC), are H2, CO, CO2 and CH4. With temperature increasing from 700 to 1000°C, the total gas yield is enhanced greatly and has reached the maximum value (~ 92 wt. %, on the raw biomass sample basis) at 1000°C with big portions of H2 (38.02 vol.%) and CO (36.36 vol.%). Feedstock particle size shows some influence on the H2, CO and CH4 yields. The feedstock particle size of 0.3 to 0.5 mm, is found to generate a higher H2 yield (33.12 vol.%) and higher LHV of gas product (17.19 MJ m-3).
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How to cite this article:

M.A.A. Mohammed, A. Salmiaton, W.A.K.G. Wan Azlina and M.S. Mohamad Amran, 2011. Gasification of Empty Fruit Bunch for Hydrogen Rich Fuel Gas Production. Journal of Applied Sciences, 11: 2416-2420.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2011.2416.2420

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2011.2416.2420

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