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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 19 | Page No.: 2333-2337
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2010.2333.2337
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Aetiology of Female Infertility in Gezira (Central of Sudan)

A.A. Osman

The aim of this study was to identify the aetiology of Sudanese female infertility. The study was supported by UNFPA in collaboration with The Population Center, University of Gezira, Sudan. It was a cohort study and it was held in Wad Medani City, Gezira State, Central of Sudan, from June 2001 to June 2002. There were no many studies done concerning the female infertility in Sudan. This study was conducted in Primary Health Care Centers (PHCC). To represent the whole city, out of 17 (PHCC) 4 PHCC were randomly selected. Depending on the prevalence of infertility in Sub-Sahara area, which is 10% of all couples, sample size was estimated from all married females patients presented to the health centers. The sample size was 200 infertile couples from whom demographic and medical information were collected using special questionnaire. Clinical examination and investigations which include; blood haemogram, urine analysis, hormonal assay, hystosalpingogram and ultra sound for all infertile females. All interventions were done within the health center by the investigator and health center staff. Outcome results were; 79.5% suffered from primary infertility and 20.5% had secondary infertility. Infertility due to husbands only was 20.5%, that due to wives alone was 37.5% and infertility due to both couple was 31% while those with unknown aetiology was 11%. The main aetiological factor for females, with primary infertility was due to unovulatory cycle (69.5%). The main cause of unovulatory cycle was high prolactin level which found in 47.5% (95 female). The main cause for secondary infertility was tubal problems which found in 15%. The rest were different causes like vaginal infection, ignorance about right time of ovulation and absence of the husbands (abroad for years).
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How to cite this article:

A.A. Osman , 2010. Aetiology of Female Infertility in Gezira (Central of Sudan). Journal of Applied Sciences, 10: 2333-2337.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2010.2333.2337






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